Summary of Austria’s neutrality to serve as an example to the neutralisation of the Korean Peninsula

Austrian Neutrality to Serve an Example for the Neutralisation of the Korean
Peninsula

abstract
After the Japanese occupation of Korea in 1945 the Korean peninsula has operated as
two different countries. Since then, there have been numerous efforts to reunite the
two states. Different interests from external powers such as the US, China, and Russia,
propelled by the politics of the Cold War, have proven a major hinderance to the
unity of the two Korean states. Despite the prospect of success in uniting the two nations,
a divided mistrust exists among them. Intrinsically, the two differ in the reunification
formula that should be used. In this pursuit, it is believed that the neutralisation
approach offers the best hope for the unification process. The study proposes for the
nations to become the first nuclear armed neutral state; which, along with unification,
can be extremely beneficial for the region as well as the international system, which
may ostensibly be balanced with time. The most optimum end result for the two nations
would be unification, however the issue lies within the nations, their corresponding
influential nations and their heightened sensitivity to conflict. For a country
to achieve neutralisation there are certain conditions that are required to be in order,
one of them includes unilaterally declaring neutralisation. This being the largest obstacle
to achieve for both nations as the majority of the peoples are not centrists.
Hence, for unification to become perceivable, declaring neutrality and removing all
external factors comes before the centralisation of the political attitudes of the people.
Due to Austria’s neutrality to be of a similar case to the Korean Peninsula, equivalently,
the most ideal case for neutrality, based on the data and research in the given study
proves to be Ireland. Aspects covered are internal, using data varying from polls, to
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religion, to ethnicities, as well as geography; which evidently, are enough to bring the
peninsula to neutralisation, excluding the eternal aspects to be limited and abolished
once neutrality is achieved. Once having achieved neutrality via unilateral declaration
as well as having met the appropriate result of the formula assembled in the study, the
Korean Peninsula can successfully become an armed neutral state. The study shows
that the only limitation and constraint the peninsula has, is the ability to unilaterally
declare neutralisation accordingly, which is limited to either one of the heads of state,
heads of government and the minister of foreign affairs. The approach of neutrality
has a history of success in countries such as Switzerland, Belgium, and Austria. Inferring
from Austria’s data and applying it to the formula, the study seeks to propose the
ability of the neutralisation process for the end goal of the unification of both North
Korea (DPRK) and South Korea (ROK).

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