Trends of PM2.5 concentrations in China

 Title:Research article: Trends of PM2.5 concentrations in China: A long term approachAuthors:Fontes, Tânia a, b, c, ∗
Li, Peilin a
Barros, Nelson b

Zhao, Pengjun aAffiliation:a Centre for Urban Planning and Transport Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China
b CIAGEB – Global Change, Energy, Environment and Bioengineering Center, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal
c INESC TEC – INESC Technology and Science and FEUP- Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, PortugalSource:In Journal of Environmental Management 1 July 2017 196:719-732Publisher:Elsevier LtdAbstract:The fast economic growth of China along the last two decades has created a strong impact on the environment. The occurrence of heavy haze pollution days is the most visible effect. Although many researchers have studied such problem, a high number of spatio-temporal limitations in the recent studies were identified. From our best knowledge the long trends of PM2.5 concentrations were not fully investigated in China, in particular the year-to-year trends and the seasonal and daily cycles. Therefore, in this work the PM2.5 concentrations collected from automatic monitors from five urban sites located in megacities with different climatic zones in China were analysed: Beijing (40°N), Chengdu (31°N), Guangzhou (23°N), Shanghai (31°N) and Shenyang (43°N). For an inter-comparison a meta-analysis was carried out. An evaluation conducted since 1999 demonstrates that PM2.5 concentrations have been reduced until 2008, period which match with the occurrence of the Olympic Games. However, a seasonal analysis highlight that such decrease occurs mostly during warmer seasons than cold seasons. During winter PM2.5 concentrations are typically 1.3 to 2.7 higher than in summer. The average daily cycle shows that the lowest and highest PM2.5 concentrations often occurs in the afternoon and evening hours respectively. Such daily variations are mostly driven by the daily variation of the boundary layer depth and emissions. Although the PM2.5 levels have showing signs of improvement, even during the warming season the values are still too high in comparison with the annual environmental standards of China (35 μg m−3). Moreover, during cold seasons the north regions have values twice higher than this limit. Thus, to fulfil these standards the governmental mitigation measures need to be strongly reinforced in order to optimize the daily living energy consumption, primarily in the north regions of China and during the winter periods. •Long trends of PM2.5 concentrations were investigated in 5 Chinese megacities.•PM2.5 have decreased mostly during warmer seasons.•Highest PM2.5 are usually observed during evening hours and winter seasons.•PM2.5 decreased but values are still too high in comparison with Chinese standards.•New measures are needed namely during winter and in the north Chinese regions.Document Type:ArticleISSN:0301-4797DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.074Accession Number:S030147971730289XCopyright:© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Persistent link to this record (Permalink):http://0-search.ebscohost.com.ignacio.usfca.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S030147971730289X&site=eds-live&scope=site Cut and Paste:<a href=”http://0-search.ebscohost.com.ignacio.usfca.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S030147971730289X&site=eds-live&scope=site“>Research article: Trends of PM2.5 concentrations in China: A long term approach</a> Database:ScienceDirect

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