The Analects from the Writing of Confucius

The Analects from the Writing of Confucius


The Analects was written at a time that people desired to do what is humane to themselves and to others. Confucius provides a detailed explanation answering his disciples on how to be righteous, kind, and loving. For example, when he was asked about what is good to men he said, “It is to love all men” (“Analects” 1). Confucius had a disregard for unfairness and discrimination. He detested men who looked down on other. For him, he says that knowledge, like any other resource, is for all men. His work is a critic of the Chinese culture that had taken a toll on the people ways of life.

Confucius lived at a time of the Chou Dynasty. During this period, land was a property of the feudal lords. He detested the Chou Dynasty for its handling of the country recourses. This may have prompted his disregard for men who perpetuated crookedness. For instance, he talked much about how people can live in an upright society. He said that for people to shun away evil, they needed to be “upright and avoid crooked ways.” He argued that through this, the crooked could be made straight. Therefore, Confucius vehemently argued that people could only be made upright by a show of example and not by decree. Moreover, he challenged people in authority to lead by example and rid the society from crooked individuals.

Confucius sought to restore a broken social order. He talked a lot about the charters that define a noble person. For example, he says that people are tempted to use all means to achieve their desires. Moreover, because people query the wisdom of the upright, he argued that there lacked wisdom in judging others. For him, the decent are supposed to be judged by what they have established to other people. According to him, a perfect person is that who mold the characters of those people who are close to him to perfect the “art of humaneness” (“Analects” 1).

Further, Confucius talked of ways through which a perfect social order can be established. As a result, he argued that there is wisdom in encouraging the good characters and punishing to discourage bad deeds. Through this, Confucius envisioned a bright society that would thrive in what is good for all humanity. Consequently, Confucius belittled the principle that says, “Injury should be paid with kindness” (“Analects” 2). To him, kindness should be reciprocated while injury should be met by justice (“Analects” 2). This is true even today, and the works of Confucius holds true to the establishment of many nations. The establishments of rehabilitation centers for offenders borrow from Confucius teaching. Moreover, punishing lawlessness is an act of helping the suspects so that they can become better individuals. Through this, people in authority do expand their humanness. Further, he questioned the disparity in society. For him, he found nothing imperative in accumulating wealth because “riches and honor are a floating cloud” (“Analects” 2). Confucius argued that virtuous does not stand-alone, and the rich requires the not so rich to survive. For this reason, a virtuous man is whom that share his wealth with his neighbors.

Confucius was angered by the laxity of political leader. For instance, he reassigned from public office because of internal conflict and political disagreements. Thus, the short stint he had in position of authority may have influenced his writing on what make a complete man. He argued that people require spirituality. Through this, Confucius required people to recognize the ordinance of Heaven to be superior men (“Analects” 2). Confucius considered righteousness as an essential character for all humans. According to him, righteousness brings about humility, sincerity and the respect of the rules of property (“Analects” 2). Moreover, righteous men seek truth rather than food, and he is always anxious until he gets the truth. Thus, Confucius encouraged men to seek God to get wisdom that bring forth fairness and justice.

Confucius intended to end the Chinese beliefs and value that had no meaning to the value of life. For this reason, his moved from state to state preaching his philosophy and this explain why Confucius is a religion in the present day. As such, Confucius contended that the attribute of braveness was an aspect of superior men. He claimed that impartial and righteous men have nothing to fear. Thus, individuals with humility and sincerity are “without anxiety and fear” making them stand out among other people as righteous (“Analects” 3). Confucius ascribed strong men with an upright life that influences the behaviors of other people.




Works Cited

The Analects of Confucius. New York: Penguin Publishing Group, 2014. Print.


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