Butterflies and Climate Change.

Butterflies and Climate Change: Results, Findings and Discussion

Results and Findings

The primary research of the project involved a survey in which the respondents were expected to fill in a questionnaire regarding their awareness on the effect of global warming on the ecosystem. Additionally, they were required to note whether they had experienced any effects of global warming in their area of resident. Notably, the demographics of the respondents were recorded and the outcome was as follows: First, there were a total of 32 respondents to whom a 10-questionnaire was administered. Out of those, 22 were male while 10 were female translating into 62.5% and 37.5% representation respectively. All the participants in the research had attained the minimum legal age of 18 years. The majority of the respondents were aged between 18 and 28 years, representing a proportion of 60%. More so, those aged between 28 and 38 years were 12%, those between 38 and 48 years represented 10% while 8% were over 48 years old. Additionally, 53.125% of the respondents had attained at least a university degree, 18.75% had attained a master degree while the remaining 28.125% has attained high school education at most.

Figure 1 is a pie chart showing the proportion of the people who belief that global warming have effect on the environment. It is observed that a large percentage of about 57 percent believe that the immigration of insects is as a result of global warming (Olmsted 41). Moreover, 13 percent believe that the increase of biological organism leads to the destruction of the ecosystem leading to global warming. On the other hand 30 percent of the respondent argues that human activities have necessitated the extinction of some species in the planet.  Figure 2 is also a pie chart that exhibits the proportions of issues that are considered to be the biggest problems for the global warming. About 56 percent of the respondents commented that emissions from the factory are the leading problem to global warming. This is followed by greenhouse gases at 33 percent, transportation emission at 10 percent and the rest provided none of the causes of global warming.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3 is a bar graph that exhibits the number of industries that are affected by global warming. From the graph, agricultural industries are seemed to be most affected by the global warming (FAO 5). The others that have a significant effect due to global warming are marine related industries, wildlife sector and tourism industries. The least affected industries from the graph are service industries and manufacturing industries.  The fourth figure is also a bar graph that shows the top ten counties most affected by global warming (Whiting). These counties include Guatemala, Thailand, Pakistan, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Nicaragua, Philippines, Haiti, Myanmar, and Honduras (Kreft, Eckstein, Dorsch and Fischer 6).

Figure 3

Figure 4

Interpretation and Discussion

The research question for this project was whether the people were aware of the butterfly effects of global warming. The responses received from the respondents indicated that most of the people have heard about the concept of global warming but fail to give to a deeper thought. Apparently, most of the people believed that it was a concept meant for the environmentalists and those who are interested in science, not realizing that the concept was meant to sensitize all the people about the problem. Additionally, it was clear that most of the respondents did not have the right information regarding the causes and effects of global warming. Few of the respondents believed that industrialization was among the major causes, while a small proportion were aware that agriculture was the most affect field by the unpredictability of weather patterns. Most people do not feel the effects of global warming. This is probably because they are used to synthetic resources that are purely made through industrial processes. As such, they cannot feel the impact of increased temperature on food production, for example.

Additionally, unless they are affected by the extreme phenomena of heat waves, most of the respondents believed that the global temperatures remained relatively normal since they had not felt any abnormal temperatures. However, the effects of global warming were not as significant in the places inhabited by people, but in the places where ice is found in large blocks the effect are vividly visible. As such, the ice has the tendency to melt and create avalanches that are dangerous to the people who live along the paths through which ice flows (Parmesan). When the ice flows, it heads to the oceans where the water levels rises causing significant weight on the oceanic tectonic plates. This also place pressure on sea plant and animal leading to their demise. As the oceanic plates try to balance with the continental plates, we are affected by the earthquakes and tremors. Intrinsically, it is possible that the people do not feel the impact of global warming directly.

The greatest impact of the global warming is felt in the developing nations especially in Africa and in Asia (United States Environmental Protection Agency). Most of the countries experience long duration of drought. Nonetheless, the fact that they are as many industries and air pollutants industries in the developed leaves the developing nations with the greatest burden of global warming. First, they depend almost entirely on the agricultural sector. Therefore, the changing weather patterns affects the seasons in which they plant and harvest their crops. Moreover, the changing weather pattern affect in tremendous way small organism that play a big role in enriching the ecosystem. The mass immigration coupled by death of insect leave a huge gap in crop production (Dantas-Torres 452- 459). Secondly, the economies of these developed countries are still expanding meaning that they are still in the process of enhancing the butterfly effect of global warming (Caldas 30).

Reflection

During the formulation of question it was expected that people were aware and that they understand the effect of global warming. However, after collection of the primary data the largest percentage attest to misinformation about the global warming effect. Although, most people depended on the internet to get the information on global warming, it would be prudent to determine the media coverage on this issue. Moreover, it was to the contrary that most people had scant information about the global warming. Although the secondary source provided extensive information about global warming, primary sources showed that information is not well receive by a larger audience hence continued increase in factors leading to global warming. Some of the challenges during the research involved non respondents and unwillingness to participate.

 

 

Works Cited

Caldas, Astrid. Butterflies and Climate Change. American Butterflies, 2012, 30-31.

Dantas-Torres, Filipe. Climate change, biodiversity, ticks and tick-borne diseases: The Butterfly Effect. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 4.3, 2015, 452-461.

FAO.  Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks. fao.org. FAO. 2014. Web. 14 April 2016.

Kreft, Sonke, Eckstein, David, Dorsch, Lukas and Livia Fischer. Global Climate Risk Index 2016: Who Suffers Most From Extreme Weather Events? Weather-related Loss Events in 2014 and 1995 to 2014. germanwatch.org. German Watch. 2016. Web. 14 April 2016.

Olmsted, James. The Butterfly Effect: Conservation Easements, Climate Change, and Invasive Species. Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, 33.1, 2011, 41-76.

Parmesan, Camille and Hector Galbraith. Observed Impacts of Global Climate Change in the U.S. c2es.org. Global Climate Change. 2004. Web. 14 April 2016.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data. 3.epa.gov. EPA. 2016. Web. 14 April 2016.

Whiting, Jon. The Countries Likely to Best Survive Climate Change. triplepundit.com. Triple Pundit. 2015. Web. 14 April 2016.

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