Comparing and Contrasting the Virginia and New Jersey Plans and how they were Compiled into the Great Compromise

Comparing and Contrasting the Virginia and New Jersey Plans and how they were Compiled into the Great Compromise

The Great Compromise was reached as a result of enormous consultation among the founding fathers. However, it was not an easy task, and the warring parties (small states vs. large states) had to compromise their demand for the sake of the confederation. Both the Virginia and New Jersey compromise were drawn into the Article of Confederation. In this essay, I will compare and contrast desire for both conventions and what was agreed as fundamental revisions to the Philadelphia Convention.

Both the New Jersey and Virginia plan synonymous proposed a government with a legislature, judicial and executive branches. Moreover, the conventions agreed to task the government with powers to levy taxes but differed in the composition of the executive, judiciary, and the upper house.

The New Jersey proposed that the legislature should appoint individuals to serve in the executive and that the latter to oversee the composition of the judiciary. In contrast, the Virginia plan agreed to appoint people to serve both in the judicial and executive organ of government.

Moreover, the Virginia plan gives the legislature power to regulate interstate commerce and oversee states legislatures and the use of force to exercise the law. Conversely, the New Jersey plans give the executive the authority to collect levy taxes and import duties. The executive was also tasked with the duty of regulating trade and states law-making organs would be under the laws made by the Congress.

The Virginia Convention supported a structure of government that was to be comprised of a bicameral legislative body. The parties to the convention argued that the legislature would comprise of a lower and upper house where members would be drawn from each state according to the proportion of the free populous. This proposition ensured that large states would contribute the majority of the members of the legislature.  Thus, the bigger states supported this idea while the minority opposed it entirely.

On the other hand, the New Jersey Convection refuted the ideas of the Virginia plan. Represented by William Peterson, the less populous states opposed giving more populous states a chance to take a majority seat in national government. Instead, they proposed that the legislature is constituted by a one vote per state regardless of the population sizes.

Given that the Virginia and the New Jersey plans had a lot of contrast there was a need for the compromise that could appease the two parties. This was the background for the Great Convection. They agreed to have a bicameral legislature that was a mix of the New Jersey and Virginia plans. They opposed that the lower house would be constituted by population while the upper house on a one vote per state. Also, they established a single executive, but with check and balances from the legislature. The judicial was to be appointed for life by the executive and national laws to be superior to states laws. Further, the conventions were to be ratification in each state by the people.

The Great Convection was the convergence of the differences between the New Jersey and the Virginia plans. The Virginia proposed a bicameral legislature comprised of members elected by a popular vote. However, the New Jersey argued for the one vote per every state to constitute a unicameral legislature. Nonetheless, most of the divergence views were compromised and included to the Article of Confederation that later constituted the American constitution.  For a Customized Paper on the above or Related Topic, Place Your Order Now!

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