Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

Criminologist generally agrees that criminals are always rational and plan their action relative to their surrounding environments (“Crime Prevention,” 2011). Therefore, given this premise researcher argue that it is possible to law enforcers, community members and other stakeholders to prevent rationalised crimes. In Canada for example, crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has helped reduce crime in residential areas (“Mississauga CPTED,” 2014). Thus, CPTED is effective measures that can help thwart crime of properties and uphold peace among neighbours in Canada. The theory of crime prevention through environmental design argues that buildings are supposed to be designed in such a way that all members of the neighbourhood know each other. In addition, the theory postulate that houses in a close locality should have a single security personnel are that would coordinate to prevent any incident of planned burglary. When this is done, no robber would be willing to commit a crime in a well-guarded environment.

Consequently, CPTED theory proposes addressing the social ill in the society. The problem of poverty, joblessness, as well as school dropout,  facilitate in making people vulnerable to commit a crime. Thus, solving these problems helps in deterring crime and, thereby, reducing cases of robbery with violence.


I agree that CPTED help prevents crime and it has the effect of diverting crime to other places. However, I disagree with the premise that criminal act out of emotion, or impulse. All actions of crime are premeditated and planned to enable the victim to evade arrest. Though a criminal may not foresee to fail in their mission, they do not commit a crime in a well-designed environment. This agrees with the argument of the CPTED theory. Therefore, CPTED theory is a good hypothesis that can help deter crime, but it should be upheld in most if not all the neighbourhoods.


Crime prevention through environmental design. (2011). Retrieved from

Mississauga CPTED principles. (2014). Retrieved from

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