Drug Control Strategy

Drug Control Strategy

The Unites Stated has been marred by substance abuse among the youth for a long time. This perennial problem has since caught the attention of the government, which has consequently instituted numerous interventions in the quest to overcome the menace. Specifically, the Obama administration has devoted substantial portions of the national budget as well as professional manpower towards prevention and control drug abuse across the population. It is presumed that everyone is affected by the problem either directly or indirectly. In light of these, the federal government has formulated a comprehensive policy document outlining the plausible strategies in this pursuit (Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2015).

The first strategy is aimed at preventing the use of toxic substances before instigation. This scheme is motivated by the fact that involvement in the use of drugs has costly consequences that include poor academic performance, low productivity, and solitude. To avert these effects, the state proposes engagement of the vulnerable population at the community level in civic education and anti-drugs initiatives. Furthermore, parents and guardians are advised to encourage drug rejection among their children and also at their workplace. Additionally, the environment in which the youth are living ought to be free from tobacco, alcohol and other hard drugs to prevent entanglement in the criminal justice system.  The prevention strategy also entails the development and subsequent dissemination of all the relevant information regarding the dangers of substance abuse among college students who are more prone drug use than other youth. Research is thus encouraged by the government to find out the variety of substances not commonly used and their respective effects.

Secondly, the policy statement delineates expansion of treatment facilities and affordability of services for addicts. Under this plan, drug users are urged to form or join groups to ensure the efficacy of proposed therapy and medication. The process begins by detoxifying the victims through safe means and with the assistance of health professionals. Next, the addicts are inducted into stabilization that necessitates recovery. On the other hand, healthcare providers are expected to emphasize the need for early detection as well as screening procedures. To accomplish this strategy, the federal government is investing in training these professionals to boost public confidence in the efficiency of care centers. It will also serve to improve on quality service delivery. Moreover, treatment of substance addicts will be integrated into the mainstream system of health care to ease accessibility. Lastly, rogue clinics masquerading as drug stores will be closed for public health and safety.

Thirdly, recovering addicts are assured of public support to alleviate stigma. This scheme offers clear guidelines on the best ways to allow recovering addicts to regain stable health, social and family responsibility, and general economic throughput. The administration supports recovery mainly through enhancement of recovery platforms and setting annual celebration dates for recovering addicts. Besides, there are well-defined measures in curbing challenges facing sufficient recuperation. Notably, drug offenders are offered emotional support after leaving jail by joining a convenient community-based organization that deals with recovery.

Finally, reforms to the criminal Justice system are outlined in accordance with other enforcement agencies. Evidently, most crimes are linked to people who had used drugs before their occurrence (Gordon, Rowe, Pardini, Loeber, White & Farrington, 2014). Such criminals are catered for in a different manner in a newly proposed plan to reduce the population of inmates in connection with drug cases. To break the cycle of recurrent arrests, which are rampant, courts and correctional centers are expected to review and adjust their investment budgets by incorporating support for community programs. This re-investment would facilitate monitoring of non-violent and compliant drug offenders. Furthermore, synthetic drugs and the blatant sellers will face the full force of law to reduce the exposure of public to these harmful substances.

Part II

Narcotics that are commonly misused in the United States are partly manufactured within the borders while a huge proportion gets into the country from abroad. The traffickers usually sneak the substances by air, by sea, and by road taking advantage of the laxity of the check unit officers. Also, they may be protected by powerful cartels that operate from inside the country in conjunction with foreign barons.  Presumably, unmanned sections of the border between the US and Mexico due to desert conditions could be a loophole for drug and weapon smugglers (Klingner & Espinosa, 2014).

To curb the illegal entry of illicit substances, the government through the Department of Homeland Security should install enough infrastructure and technology to monitor all activities across the borders. Air and sea transport systems should be keenly observed and all cargo inspected before leaving the terminals. Secondly, narcotic experts should be deployed at these points to help in detection of any harmful drugs. Thirdly, the community should be involved in the war against narcotics since it ought not to be a preserve of the military and law enforcement agencies. Lastly, the US should foster international relations to reduce significant accessibility to smuggled drugs among the vulnerable population.

Another major strategy that can be applied is discontinuing negative stereotyping of colored citizens. Historically, African Americans have been discriminated against based on their race, and have continually been profiled in the event of crime and drug peddling (Nicosia, MacDonald, & Arkes, 2013). This vice has widened the fissure between security agencies and black youths especially those who reside in ghettos. Due to their low social status and inadequate education, they are assumed to be prone to criminal activities in the quest to meet their needs. These youths may gang up and retaliate by openly engaging in the prohibited trade, thereby creating a crisis within the society.

In this regard, the government should advocate for racial fairness and unbiased application of the law. Citizens of color are supposed to be accorded equal chance of access to education and involvement in national development projects through employment opportunities. Other national resources must be distributed proportionately to avoid disputes that often culminate into crime. This would in turn install an individual and societal responsibility among the youth and other potential drug users. Subsequently, the war on drugs would be efficiently fought in the promotion of a healthy and safe nation.

An additional strategy is sponsorship of youth-initiated entrepreneurial establishments. The likelihood of college graduates not securing jobs is gradually increasing with the influx of professional immigrants and an exponential growth in the number of graduates. According to Sigurdsson, Ring, O’Reilly, and Silverman (2013), this competition may trigger indulgence in trade and use of tranquilizers in a bid to escape harsh realities. Peer influence plays a crucial role in prevalence sedatives among educated youth with the support of some politicians and powerful businesspeople who intend to utilize the intelligence of the younger generation in the propagation of high-level frauds. Besides, this educated but jobless lot may be recruited into extremism that is catastrophic to the US.

However, the potential in these young people can be exploited by offering them financial assistance to avert orientation to drug use. They obviously have great ideas towards economic development and the creation of sustainable solutions to several perennial and contemporary challenges. Additionally, they can be involved in research activities geared towards the evidence-based war on narcotics. In fact, the educated youth can ingeniously inspire those trapped on drug dependence through their business success. Promotion of entrepreneurship is also a huge source of employment opportunities for fellow youth, offering a positive distraction from substance abuse to rational thinking as well as noticeable productivity.

Essentially, information about drug abuse and associated consequences ought to be disseminated to school going children from an early age. Therefore, this education should be embedded in various curricula across the states to enhance the development of a knowledgeable generation. Also, the content of the courses is supposed to be relevant and practical to ensure that the students are benefiting. As a result, the children would be equipped with critical thinking skills useful in making decisions about the rejection of drug use (Sussman, Arriaza, & Grigsby, 2014). More so, they are taught in developing and maintaining quality relationships with friends and relatives, who are a major source of positive or influence. On the other hand, the public should be well versed with facts regarding intoxication and its implications. They are therefore expected to participate in in various forums as well as contribute towards reduction of the menace. To accomplish civic education, the government is expected to use media appropriate to specific demographics to spread its advocacy.

Treatment of addicts is central to recovery and significant restoration of their lives. It entails different therapeutic approaches and time frames depending on the needs of the victims. While entry into drug use is voluntary, treatment may be compulsory since addiction is a complicated mental disorder that hinders logical thinking (Daneshjoo, Navabinejad, & Shfia-Abadi, 2015). Treatment methods might include different medications to enable detoxification and gradual withdrawal. To reinstate normal brain functionality, they are subjected to other certified medicines especially in dealing with nicotine, alcohol, and opiates. Also, behavioral therapy is recommended to reshape the attitudes and behaviors of addicts so as to resume a healthy life. Furthermore, the behavioral method is imperative boosting cognitive abilities and social interaction that are critical in encouraging abstinence from drugs. Moreover, this therapy enables the patients to recognize exposing places and avoiding luring situations.

Finally, law enforcement agencies should work in harmony to arrest the situation before it gets out of hand. The military is supposed to check on the borders while police officers operating within the borders should frequently inspect all motor vehicles on American roads. Besides, they ought to collaborate with the judicial system to have a crack down on local drug manufacturers and peddlers. Also, the arrest of suspects is supposed to be based on evidence rather than stereotypes and cover-ups. About the criminal justice system, courts and correctional centers should work to enhance rehabilitation of drug offenders. Furthermore, these institutions are supposed to investment in community-based organizations to reduce the rate of drug usage so as to nurture a sober and active society.

In conclusion, substance abuse in the United States is a serious threat to the future of the nation. It is, therefore, worthwhile for the government to formulate and implement sustainable policies that will secure the youth from detrimental effects of addiction. The scheme should comprise of preventive measures, role of arms of government, law enforcement agencies, education strategies, border security, financial support to the youth, and unbiased application of the law. Furthermore, treatment of addicts and subsequent recovery ought to be closely evaluated to foster abstinence and return to normalcy of the victims.

 

 

References

Daneshjoo, M. B., Navabinejad, S., and Shfia-Abadi, A. (2015). Comparing Effectiveness of Schema Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) in Resiliency of Drug Addicts in Shiraz Addiction Clinics. International Journal of Academic Research, 7(1), 575-578.

Gordon, R. A., Rowe, H. L., Pardini, D., Loeber, R., White, H. R., and Farrington, D. P. (2014). Serious Delinquency and Gang Participation: Combining and Specializing in Drug Selling, Theft, and Violence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24(2), 235-251.

Klingner, D. E., and Espinosa, R. M. (2014). Between Threat and Opportunity: The Impact of Drug Trafficking on Governance in the Frontier Region of Mexico and the United States. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 19(2), 2-15.

Nicosia, N., MacDonald, J. M., and Arkes, J. (2013). Disparities in Criminal Court Referrals to Drug Treatment and Prison for Minority Men. American Journal of Public Health. 103(6), 77-84.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (2015). Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/national-drug-control-strategy

Sigurdsson, S. O., Ring, B. M., O’Reilly, K., and Silverman, K. (2012). Barriers to Employment among Unemployed Drug Users: Age Predicts Severity. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 38(6), 580-587.

Sussman, S., Arriaza, B., and Grigsby, T. J. (2014). Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Misuse Prevention and Cessation Programming for Alternative High School Youth: A Review. Journal of School Health, 84(11), 748-758.

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