Locke discusses demonstrative science

Locke discusses demonstrative science.

According to his hypothesis, all that can be seen, felt, and understood is a sign of an existence. Thus, it is from this premise that he argue that God exist. He argues that the fact that human being exist is evidence enough of the existence of an omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient being (“A Guide to Locke’s”). Therefore, God is behind the existence of man and all other animals within the universe. God created the universe so that we can dwell in its beauty. I agree with Locke argument of demonstrative knowledge in explaining our reasoning capacity. For instance, the mere chance that human exist is not a matter of coincidence, but rather a show of an existence of a superior being responsible for human life. Nevertheless, Locke hypothesis is criticized for lack of empirical evidence to support his argument. He only relies on the formation of ideas formed out of our thought process.

David Hume was against inductive reasoning. According to Hume, inductive reasoning leads to generalization (“Hume: Empiricist”). This is not acceptable in science and that why Hume warn against it uses in reasoning. For this reason, it is not right to argue that the ‘sun will rise tomorrow’ because it has risen in prior days. Such an argument is invalid. To solve the problem of inductive reasoning, Hume we can make a valid argument by introducing premises that our arguments are true. For example, we can say ‘if the sun came on Saturday and Sunday and Monday, then it will rise up tomorrow.’ However, Hume argument is misleading because the matter of facts provides a concrete evidence to cause and effect. This means that, if it has been raining in the past, there is a high degree of the occurrence of rain in the future.

 

Works cited

“A Guide to Locke’s Essay.” Philosophy pages. 12 Nov. 2011. Web. 2 Nov. 2015.

“Hume: Empiricist Naturalism.” Philosophy pages. 12 Nov. 2011. Web. 2 Nov. 2015.

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