Abuse in Relationships
Abuse in Relationships
Abuse in relationships can take any form, which includes emotional, physical, sexual, or financial. Abuse does not only take the form of domestic violence but also there can be abuse between siblings, friends or family members (Emily). In an abusive relationship, one partner exhibits tendencies of showing power over or controlling the other in different ways (Lyness D’Arcy 1). Emotional abuse involves bullying, humiliating others and also teasing. Physical abuse involves inflicting bodily pain on an individual while sexual abuse is coercing or forcing one to have intercourse against their will. Abusive relationships can result in many adverse health effects (Smith, Malinda and Segal).
In these paper, I will review some literature which including a website, CSNU department of police services on Domestic Violence, a crime blog don’t ignore red flags of abuse in teen relationships by Jennifer Emily and published on 24 February 2016. Also, I will use two scholarly journal articles, Intimate partner violence: patients experiences and perception in family practice by Narula, Agarwal and McCarthy published on February 2012.
In this research, I aim to explore types of abuse, signs of abuse and the effects that come with an abusive relationship.
Content and Coverage
The website targets a general audience specifically students. The information on this page primary since the website does not quote any sources but gives the data from the police reports on the occurrences of domestic violence. Moreover, it gives in-depth information about the topic domestic violence whereby it explains what to do in case of abuse, signs of abuse and also it gives details on types of restraining orders one can get against an abusive partner. The page is linked to the main website of California State University Northbridge but has no list of cited references.
On this web page there, no dates of when the information was published and neither when last updated. There no citations in the article although the data given is from 2004 and the information is not up to date since more than ten years have passed and these records have changed. Although the data is from a long time ago, it explains clearly how the police department of CSUN views domestic violence and how to deal with it.
It is an educational website since the police department passes crucial information on the abusive relationship but it is not a community site whereby anyone can edit the information since it is under CSUN. When researching on abusive relationships, I found many other websites, blogs and also magazines that had the same information on the topic.
The information in this web page is all facts. It gives the numbers according to police reports and also gives types of restraining orders and also signs that give an alarm that the relationship is abusive. The web page has not explored all forms of relationships and is only biased towards intimate relationships. Abuse also exists in friendships and also among family members. They have majorly dealt with domestic violence and left out other abuses. This plays out to my emotions since I am a strong believer that no one should ever be subjected to domestic violence (CSNU Department of Police Services). The web page gives objective information on domestic violence, which is covered widely.
Content and coverage
The blog targets a general audience to educate them on abusive teen relationships. The article gives secondary information as it has quoted many sources to justify the fact that teen relationship abuse exists as much as adult is abuse. The writer uses an article about a girl who was strangled by her boyfriend and also gets facts from other websites that deal with abusive teen relationships. The article gives a general overview of the topic that is abusive teenage relationships. For this research, I needed in-depth information to understand abusive teen relationships and how they affect the teenagers later in life. The article does not explore all aspects of the topic but majorly gives general sketchy information on the topic. The article has been linked to Dallas morning news website(Emily). The article does not provide a list of cited reference although it has quoted different articles and websites that have discussed the topic and also gives news on incidences of abusive teen relationships.
The article was published on February 24th, 2016 and has not been updated ever since. The citations provided are from a website, which is up to date and gives facts and data about teen violence as per the year 2015. Teen violence is on the rise since most people focus on adult’s relationships abuse and thus, I needed up to date information on how these abuses affect the teenage population. The article has given up to date information
This is a personal blog thus it is not a communal site whereby any person can access and change or update the information without authorization from the writer. There is similar information on teen violence awareness as provided in this article. In the website, love is respect. Org gives details on teen violence and also states facts such as 1 in every three teens in the United States experiences abuse from people they are in a relationship with before they become adults.
The information on this article includes both facts and the opinion of the writer. The writer gives a real example that had been making headlines whereby her boyfriend strangled a teenager. The writer gives her opinion that if one notices signs of abuse, then it should be stopped before it escalates to something serious such as murder. The article gives statistics on teen violence. The article exhibit some bias in that the writer chooses only to identify with teen abuse and not with adult relationship abuse as most of the articles does. Although there are advertisement links on the page, they are linked to the topic teen relationship violence, which provides objective information on the topic. Majorly the articles advertisements are about the month of February, which creates awareness about violence in teenage relationships. The URL of the web page shows that this is a commercial website, which is used for commercial purposes.
Scholarly Journal Article
Who created the information?
The article Intimate partner violence: Patient’s experiences and perception in family practice was published in 2012 by three authors: Narula, Agarwal, and McCarthy. Narula is a family physician currently works at Wise Elephant Family health team and Shelter Health Network and also a researcher with Western university center for studies in family medicine. Gina is an associate professor at Mc Master University, and she has featured in 46 publications. Lisa studied a bachelor in pharmacy at the University of Toronto and is currently working as a clinical pharmacist at the family Health team McMaster University and also an assistant professor at the University (Narula, Agarwal, and McCarthy 1).
Information on authors
From biography.com, I searched, but there is no information on all the three authors. All the three authors have a similar history that is working in the family medicine department at the McMaster University.
Information on publisher
From Google Oxford University Press is the largest university press and is the second oldest in the history of publication after the Cambridge University Press.
Information on organizations
There were no organizations mentioned in the article.
Content and coverage
The target audience for this article is scholarly these is because not all the terms used and methods used in conducting these study would be understandable by the general public. Information in this article is primary. The authors used participants from the electronic medical records at an academic family medicine clinic in Ontario to carry out the study. The article provides in-depth information on the topic whereby after the research was carried out the results give details on how intimate violence affected the relationship between family physicians and themselves. It shows that the women are afraid of sharing their abusive experiences for fear of being judged. In the article, 25 references have been listed as pertaining all the information about the topic and different views of the different author.
The article was published in the Oxford Journals on February 2012. From the year, the study was taking place most of the citations are up to date and are less than ten years old and others even five years less thus providing information that is current. Intimate violence is an affair that can take so long without people coming out or before something serious happens and thus information relevant can date up to 10 years before the study so as to show how the violence has affected the participants over the years and its effect on the interaction with the family physician.
In the Oxford press there are no comments or editorials about the article neither is there comments on the pub med where the article is also published. There is same information in other articles since the authors have cited 25 other articles with same information on intimate violence.
The article gives a fair and clear view of the topic. From the study, we can understand how women are affected by intimate partner violence and if they felt their physicians cared for them. There are no footnotes to show the source of facts or references (Narula Archna, Agarwal Gina, and McCarthy 2). The authors are biased as they only focus on the effects of intimate partner violence, yet even men are subjected to violence from their partners. The opinion of the authors is clear and has been well stated in the conclusion of the article. The article does not offer any advertisements but gives objective information on the topic of discussion.
All genders are vulnerable to abusive relationships although each time the subject of abuse in a relationship the person who is always blamed is the man, and the women are always viewed as the victims. Men are also vulnerable and suffer in silence for fear of being stigmatized and discriminated. Also, we should be aware that all age groups are also on the radar of abuse by anyone they are in a relationship with.
CSNU Department of Police Services. Domestic Violence. March 2016.Web. 8th March 2016.
Emily, Jennifer. “Don’t Ignore Red Flags of Abuse in Teen Relationships.” Dallasnews.com. The Dallas Morning News. 24th February 2016. Web. 8 March 2016.
Lyness D’Arcy “Abusive Relationships” kidshealth.org. May 2013.Web.
Narula Archna, Agarwal Gina, and Lisa McCarthy “Intimate Partner Violence: Patient’s Experiences and Perception in Family Practice.” Oxford Journals. 29.5 (2012): 1-8. Print
Smith, Malinda and Jeanne Segal. “Domestic Violence and Abuse: Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships.” Helpguide.Org. Help Guide. March 2016. Web. 8 March 2016.