Errors on American Reputation for Fair Play

Errors on American Reputation for Fair Play

The American Reputation for Fair Play is an article that explores the implications on how the Federal Bureau of Narcotic (FBN) incriminated the APRA leader, Haya de la Torre, on drug smuggling case. One of the errors that Harry made was that he relied on false information that Haya was involved in trafficking drugs to Italy and other parts of the world. During the case investigation of Eduardo Balarezo, William tries to establish the pattern that Balarezo was the kingpin of a bigger circle of drugs in New York. Therefore, he ordered the arrest of Balarezo in connection with the trafficking of drugs. However, during the investigation, they found that Haya had spent a night in Balarezo place in New York hence linking him to the drug trafficking. During this period, APRA had already reduced its campaign against coca and shifted to other social welfare issues. Hence, the investigator inferred that the money from drugs was funding APRA in its campaign against bad governance. However, there was no sufficient linking Haya to drug trafficking consequently resulting in his misery in Peru and US. The resulting consequences of this error were a strenuous relationship between Peru and US. Also, naval units that were sympathetic to APRA rebelled against the incumbent president hence changing the politics of Peru. In this regard, General Ondria resigned since he viewed that the government was not dealing sufficiently with APRA’s uprising. Eventually, lead a coup against Bustamante, outlawed APRA and introduced military dictatorship.

The other error was that Harry and William presented Ondria government with information that Haya was involved with drug trafficking. This information was intended to provide sufficient evidence to the International Criminal Justice jury that Haya was a criminal as incriminated before by the current Odria government. Unfortunately, this information together with two letters wrote by Harry leaked to the public through media which further strained the release of Haya from Columbia Embassy. As a result, Haya who was in exile in his country replied by saying that the evidence presented were baseless and were intended to tarnish his regime. After the authentication of the letters and the false evidence presented by FBN officials, it affected the US image on the fight against drugs with the major claims that investigations were based on personal benefits and propaganda.   Further, this error affected the ongoing investigation in FBN against criminals such as Balarezo.

Another obvious mistake that Williams made was to claim that Haya de la Torre has travelled into the United States by Callao while it was clear that Haya made his trips by air. This mistake led to a series of falsified information against the accused claiming that he knew Balarezo well and had met him on several occasions.  Additionally, the Williams ensured that the lie propagated against Haya was the sure way to maintain good publicity personally and on behalf of the United States state department. Moreover, the lie was designed not to hurt the lawless dictator Odria since it would be perceived that clearing Haya of any wrongdoing would be a gross injustice. The result of the mistake was that there was increased smuggling of drugs in the United States where thirteen ounces of cocaine were nabbed by the authorities in the first three months of 1949 compared to the 28 ounces nabbed in the whole of 1946. This meant that Odria’s government was secretly producing and controlling the illegal drug trade.  Additionally, holding Haya in the unjustified lawsuit ensured that the government persecuted APRA members and sympathizers without much retaliation.

Works Cited

Dorn, Glenn. “The American Reputation for Fair Play: Victor Raul Haya De La Torre and The Federal Bureau of Narcotics.” Historian fall 65. 5 (2003): 1083-1101.

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