Ethnicity and Race

Ethnicity and Race

Ethnicity and race are two different statuses. Ethnicity is a matter of an individual’s preference. The race is categorizing individuals according to their ancestry. From the U.S. ancient times to date, ethnicity and race are in their writing, collected works, folk beliefs, and in their faith. People fascinated in devouring the full latitude of African American history and ethnicity should study a collection concerning to the African American values. The content in the omnibus characterizes an oral custom, which is inspirational and extraordinary in its breadth. Moreover, many authors are anxious with ethnicity and race refers to the book Crossing the Danger Water written by Chomsky.

In the book, Chomsky explains how race and ethnicity affect and interact with individuals (2006). Race and ethnicity affect an individual’s practices and even experience. Practices like religion, gender, jobs, and even education. Personally, I believe that ethnicity and race are upon our minds. This is so because, individuals may sometimes resemble their ethnic groups or race, but on the other hand, they are people who have their identities.

Ethnocentrism is whereby individuals believe that their ethnic group is more superior that others (Fleck, 2008). This is what brings or encourages people to have that in their minds. Mainly what brings along ethnicity and racism is the ideas that one acquires from childhood. When a child grows up from a particular ethnic or race, they tend to believe what they learn. Individuals should change how they think to overcome ethnicity and race. To solve the case of ethnicity and race, it is advisable to start with when a child is born.



Ethnic anthropology is the study of ethnic dissimilarity among human beings compared to social anthropology, which apprehends ethnical variation as a subcategory of the anthropology persistent. The concepts of ethnicity in anthropology demonstrate partly a reaction to western treaties based on an opposition between ethnic and race. Therefore, anthropologists have squabbled that ethnicity is human nature, and everyone has a magnitude to categorize experience, cipher classification, and teach others. Humans amass ethnicity and race through learning and socializing (Fleck, 2008). Therefore, people living in diverse places or conditions enroot different philosophies. However, people can acclimate to their setting in non-hereditary ways, therefore, possessing different cultures. The cultural anthropology occurred within the ambiance of the 19th century where cultural questions were old-fashioned and which were civilized occupied the minds of many people.

According to Chomsky, progenies are born with an inborn skill to acquire any social character since some linguistic structures that they use precisely and accurately (2006). However, note to be imprinted on their mind. He further believes that every child born in a certain ethnic or race has a language attainment expedient that translates major values of dialectal and practices into the child’s mind (Chomsky, 2006). Children, therefore, adopt this and put in practice as they grow. A child cannot learn language through imitation alone because the tongue that is in use around them is highly uneven since the adult language is sometimes shattered up or even flawed. Hues theory, however, applies to all languages as they all include nouns, verbs, vowels, and consonants (Fleck, 2008). Nonetheless, children look to be ‘hard-wired’ to gain sentence structure. However every child despite their intellectual ability becomes more fluent in their languages within five to six years.

However, a study by Skinner contended that offspring learn etymological based on the behaviors and values by correlating words with meanings. Seemingly, correct words are active when the child is aware of the value of proper conduct. On the other hand, Chomsky argued that broods would never obtain enough skills needed to develop an infinite amount of sentences if they face racial and ethical discrimination. He, therefore, proposed the theory of universal ethics, which was an idea of innate, (Chomsky, 2006). These included specified education system to aid in the development of children and linguistic processing in grown-ups. Worldwide grammar is, however, a considerable measure to comprise all the ethical and racial evidence required to syndicate these groups. Hence, the child’s task is to pick up to their words verbal. Children are therefore able to combine a noun and a verb into meaningful and correct phrases.

There are three theories of child language acquisition, which include imitation model, reinforcement theory, and active edifice also known as grammar hypothesis. On imitation theory, offspring get to hear language around them and imitate it (Chomsky, 2006). Nonetheless, when a youngster grows in a black society background, they acquire all the practices by the blacks compared to those who are born in a mixed race environment. However, parents sometimes correct the truth of the sentence rather than the formation of the phrase (Chomsky, 2006). Grammar theory the rules are however a hypothesis by the linguistics input and as children uninterruptedly receive verbal input their syntax becomes more of proper language, and this indicate that children can create innovative sentences different from those that are overheard from the grown person.

However, there are some few cases of ethnicity and race; prejudice is one of the causes. Individuals judge one another so early after meeting or seeing. Children will have no prejudice when they do not grow up with it in their minds. Competition for resources is also another cause of ethnicity and race. People of a certain ethnic group or race tend to acquire some products that others do not have. For an instance, basketball in the U.S.A is seen, as a black man is a game. Therefore, when an advertisement is on, only the blacks are the target.

To reduce ethnicity and race, individuals need resilience. Human being requires resilience when they are experiencing challenges and events, which take place every time. Ethnicity and race are one of the challenges affecting humans. In psychology, the human experiences form schemas which human quantify, accommodate, and respond. Instances of schemas are images and scenes, which change constantly. The experiences take place within the human being context. Individuals evaluate events with the assist from their interpretation of the actions, which take place in the event (Lee, 1969).

Most human beings tolerate events semi-consciously since they have experienced the same events more than once (Chomsky, 2006). The individual’s brain rarely pays attention to the events, therefore; they are seldom alert in any action taking place in the context of the event. Individuals respond according to how they evaluate the events. People’s personal features and their capabilities to mobilize event context determine their response.

Resilience is also important at risk and threatening events. All human beings have at least experience threatening events once in their lives. People often fall ill when they face the challenging situations because they threat their survival (Fleck, 2008). People also cause distress to other people because of their difficulty in controlling how other people respond to them. As people hope for maintaining control of themselves and others, they develop mechanism used for exercising control over others, for instance, intimidation and raised voice. The mechanism causes distress depending on an individual level of resilience.




Chomsky S. S. (2006). Crossing the danger water. New Delhi: Lotus Press.

Fleck, G. (2008). Come closer: Inclusion and exclusion ethics and racism present-day society. Bucharest: National Agency for Roma.

Lee, R. B. (1969). Eating Christmas in the Kalahari. Retrieved from




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