Gender and Health Inequality
Gender and Health Inequality
This paper will critically examine the main ideas found in the three articles; read and Gorman, Rieker bird Lang and hill and need harm. These three articles discuss gender and health inequality that are present in today.
In the article Read and Gorman: Gender and Inequality the author bases his discussion on the gender differences in the United States health systems (372). Similarly, sociology has not been successful as it was expected in placing the women’s experiences in the middle of analyzing gender as a category of social life. In this article, I would prefer if we focus on how to improve morbidity, mortality and health disparities of both genders rather than focusing on knowing which gender can live for more years and the reasons behind them.
On the contrary, in the article Hill and Needham: Rethinking gender and mental health, the authors are interested in examining the three suggestions that are extensively putative and included in the literature of sex and psychological health (Hill and Needham 83). The first proposition is that both females and men have the same rates of overall psychopathology, a treatment for both mental and behavioral disorders (Hill and Needham 85). Secondly, women are more prone to emotional syndromes such as nervousness and depression while men on the other side tend to suffer from behavioral disorders such as abuse and antisocial personalities. Thirdly, women responsive actions towards stress are the affective disorders while men’s response is with behavioral disturbances. These three propositions show distinctive differences between men and women. The issues on affective and behavioral disorders have no universal measure that they both indicate misery. Also, there is no empirical evidence that supports the relationship between gendered responsively and expressive consequences among women and behavioral results among males (Hill and Needham 88).
Finally, the article by Rieker, Bird and Lang Understanding Gender and Health places its discussion on the old patterns, new trends and the future directions of differences on gender and health (52). The author argues researchers have always asked the wrong questions which at the end imply that biological differences in sexes and social positions of both men and women are good enough to determine which gender emerges the most privileged, which is true (Rieker, Bird and Lang 373). But the aspect when he tries to convince people that gender-based analysis contributes majorly to studying health disparities is not true. The understanding available for gender analysis is only when it comes to how decisions can play a part in the workplace, at home or even the government.
Researchers have made policies to be more inclusive of issues that focus on both women and men. Past research and policies have been seen to rely so much on the information about women only and how they are mostly affected when it comes to health disparities. Future research is urged to be promising in the manner which it needs to integrate the gender theory in the discussions and studies on gender and health. It needs to treat gender as a system of inequality rather than an individual affair. Additionally, the normative research model also needs to be improved so that the intersectionality that shows the differences that exist between women and men is added.
Gender differences have been established socially so that structures and practices that have always been there to disadvantage women in the society compared to men is justified. This has been unfair for so long; that is why feminists’ activists and scholars have had movements for social change as well as gender equality.
Hill, Terrence and Belinda Needham. Rethinking Gender and Mental Health: A Critical Analysis of Three Propositions. Social Science & Medicine 92 (2013) 83e91
Read, Ghazal and Bridget Gorman. Gender and Health Inequality. North Carolina: Annual Review, 2010. Print
Rieker, Patricia, Bird Chloe and Martha Lang. Understanding Gender and Health: Old Patterns, New Trends, and Future Directions. New York: Handbook of Medical Sociology, 2007. Print