Is Health Education Effective In Reducing Teenage Pregnancy

Is Health Education Effective In Reducing Teenage Pregnancy

Scholars have found a negative relationship between education and teenage pregnancy. For instance, Gaughran and Asgary discovered that about 18% of all women in Kenya had unplanned or unwanted pregnancies during their adolescence (2014). The authors conclude that this phenomenon is associated decreased education among young girls. Moreover, Gaughran and Asgary attest that the most affected cases of early pregnancies were found in arid and semi-arid areas in nomadic communities (2014). Among these groups education for girls is considered taboo. This discourages young girls from going to school leaving them vulnerable to engage in teenage pregnancies. Thus, Gaughran and Asgary in their research observed an improvement when girls were put on an educational program that provides general knowledge on adolescent health including HIVS, teenage pregnancies and STIS (2014).

Ruth Petersen, Jennifer Albright, Joanne Garrett and Kathryn Curtis in their study found that repeated counselling to young girls helps improve their knowledge of the use of contraceptive to reduce incidences of unplanned pregnancies (2007). For instance, the authors found that contraceptive use increased from 59% at baseline to 72% over a period of 12 months of the study (2007). This approves the positive impact of education among young women to improve their sex life and minimize cases of STDS infections.

Therefore, there is evidence to the impact of education on the life of teenager because it increases their decision-making capabilities to avoid teenage sex due to it repercussion.  Lack of information leads youth to engage haphazardly to unsafe sex not knowing the resultant effects. Thus, education and counselling among young girls and boy lead to the longer period in school and minimized early pregnancies.


Gaughran, M and Asgary, R 2014, ‘On-site comprehensive curriculum to teach reproductive health to female adolescents in Kenya,’ Journal of Women’s Health, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 358-364.

Petersen, R, Albright, J, Garrett, J and Curtis, M 2007, ‘Pregnancy and STD prevention counselling using an adaptation of motivational interviewing: A randomized controlled trial,’ Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 21-28.


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