Jewish Religion

Jewish Religion

Judaism is among the oldest of the world’s major religions. Members of this religion have always kept their identity despite the fact they are often persecuted and scattered throughout the world. Judaism has been able to develop the concept of God from that pertaining to a former tribal time being to the God of all nations. The ancestries of Judaism can be drawn back to the belief of antique Israel well recognized as Yahwism more than 3,000 years ago (Backman 12).

Judaism traces its tradition to the promise God made with Abraham that He would make them blessed individuals and offer them a holy land (Backman). Judaism is that custom that was grounded in both spiritual and ethical laws as stipulated in the leading five books of the Torah. One of the primary figures of Israel culture was Abraham who promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith of believing in one God (Backman). During this period, many people worshiped many gods. Judaism emphasized on expressing their belief through actions of worshipping God. They continued to be unified due to the sacred relationship they established with God. After many years, Israelites were conquered by the Babylonians who destroyed much of what they had built.

The Babylonian allowed the development of rabbinical Judaism after the codification of Talmud. After the Jewish were released from exile, they were forced to worship in the synagogues as they were waiting to rebuild the temples. With the development of the oral law and what was termed as Talmud, there was a need for controlling the interpretation of the scripture. The oral law was interpreted in rabbinic literature that has rabbinic decisions and writings which basically specified what behavior are approved by the law. This new focus gave rise to a class of professional clergy referred to as Rabbi (Backman). Their obligation was to teach and explain what God expected from His people. These Rabbis instructed the Jews to direct their offerings to charities as well as paying the Fiscus ludaicus rather sacrificing them at the Temple.

The Babylonian captivity had a number of impacts on Jewish culture and the way they practiced Judaism. They could not keep their cultural identity since after exiled they found their temples destroyed. The focus on animal sacrifices shifted since this could only be performed at the Temple hence started focusing on how to study Torah which was done in the synagogues. Even after the temples were rebuilt the Jews continued to practice whatever they incorporated from the Babylonians. These included singing Psalms, praying and giving instruction as part of the service at the synagogue. Despite the great impact, Jews continued to practice Monotheism. However, the Babylonian exile can be termed to be proverbial since those exiled developed some sort of creative energy that was composed to new literature.

In conclusion, being forced to live in another country creates fear and loss of hope and faith. On the contrary, the Jewish people did the opposite when they deported in Babylon. They kept their religion, practices, philosophies and laws tacked despite the challenges they faced. The Jewish community served as an example to other religious groups since they survived the deportation that lasted for seventy years.

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Backman, Clifford R. The Cultures of the West: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.