Muqaddimah

Muqaddimah

  1. Is the development of cities fostering a good life?

Luxury and tranquility are the typical characteristics of a city life. The stick of the royal authority and dynasty compels human beings to build cities with a promise of rewards that only the royal power and dynasty can afford. The royal authority encouraged people to build cities to increase their productivity and ensure more protection from the enemy. They also wanted to provide civilization, which lacked in the deserts.

The cities improved the lives and lifestyle of the people. The cities were located near rivers or springs where there was plenty of water for human and animal consumption. Water was necessary for the survival of people. Also, the cities were built in places with ample pastures for the livestock. Each household in the city kept animals for providing milk, transport as well as breeding. The city also had a vast arable land for food cultivation. The people could easily obtain grains from the nearby fields, and they had plenty to eat. Moreover, the nearby forests were a source of firewood for cooking as well as timber for building houses (Khaldun 443). Therefore, the development of the cities boosted the life of the residents regarding food security, their safety, accessibility and their unity which was paramount.

  1. Commodities and Luxury: which relations?

Luxury comes from the accumulation of excess products that they need. The ways of earning a living may be either natural or artificial. People can make money naturally through commerce, agriculture or crafts while the exercise of political power is an artificial way of making money. All the ways of living earn someone a profit which they use to accumulate wealth. For commerce, the margin between the purchase price and sales price earns the business person a surplus. The surplus results in the business person making a profit. However, cunning in business is restricted since it contains an element of gambling (Khaldun 482). Commerce is a legal way of making money, but it does not allow taking away commodities from other people.

 

Works cited

Khaldun, Mohammed Ibn. “The Muqaddimah.” 1377. 433-485.

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