Major Elements of the Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
The compromise of 1850 was a collection of five bills that were aimed at restoring the harmony between the States in the North with their Southern counterparts (Divine 174). These bills saw California joining the league of Northern Free States and the abolishment of slave trade in Washington though those with slaves were allowed to continue to have them. They also led to the creation of two states from the Mexican cessation, Utah a Free State and New Mexico where the Southerners were allowed a continued passive acceptance of their existing slave practices and were allowed to have stricter slave runaway laws that allowed for repatriation of slaves that were caught. The compromise was also instrumental to the settling of the border disputes between Texas and Mexico.
Issues of the Sectional Crisis of the 1850s and Popular Sovereignty
Yes. The government could have reduced its involvement in the recapture while increasing its protection of runaway slaves. They could have also introduced stricter rules and supervision for slave traders and owners to ensure humane treatment of slaves and that free black men were not kidnapped and sold back into slavery. Blacks should also have been given the right to education and association that would allow them to have peaceful avenues of articulating and addressing their issues. The government could have also created legislation that encouraged equal distribution of resources to encourage all states equal economic growth chances.
In what ways did popular sovereignty stir up sectional tensions in the 1850s?
Popular sovereignty allowed autonomy of states, which left legislation at the mercy of the few rich and influential slave traders and owners. This made antislavery laws ineffective in the South as they would be changed to favor the region’s way of life and led to disputes between the North who abdicated slavery and the Southerners who wanted to keep it.
Incidents and Events that Played a Primary Role in the Increasing Southern Fears Concerning Growing Northern Hostility Toward The Southern Way Of Life
The North mourned of John Brown’s execution after his botched weapons heist at Harpers Ferry was taken as their support for the armament of slaves against the South. The election of Lincoln, a Republican, with maximum Northern support also increased their fears.
Southern Arguments for Cessation
The major argument surrounded the abolition of slavery as most of the wealth in the South was gained from owning and trading in slaves. They also argued that the Union favored Northern States at the expense of the South in terms of economic growth and military protection.
Concepts of Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny was based upon the belief that Americans had the right to colonize and civilize the entire North American lands leading them to drive away the natives and impose their cultures and laws throughout the lands.
Why there were not more Slave Revolts and Rebellions in the South
The South had strict slavery laws that were enforced by state officers, rebellions and revolts were met with brutal force, and the ringleaders executed. Slaves also betrayed the plans of their fellow slaves and led to the massacre of scores of activists. This increased fears and kept uprisings and revolts at a minimum.
Divine, Robert A. America, Past and Present. Boston: Pearson, 2013. Print.
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