A Clockwork Orange (Film 1971) and John Rawl’s First and Second Principle.
A Clockwork Orange (Film 1971) and John Rawl’s First and Second Principle
The film A Clockwork Orange is about a psychotic man who lost his free will when he was arrested. He was subjected to a therapy that made it impossible for him to have sexuality or listen to the biggest opera record of his time without experiencing some aversions. He underwent this test in exchange for freedom from prison. Outside, he was unable to defend himself, and he was brutally beaten by the people he had wronged before being arrested. John Rawl is an important political philosopher of his time, and his work is used up to date. The first theory is called the theory of justice as fairness. This theory envisions a society that treats every citizen fairly and the citizens live together in harmony. This society is in a way that everyone is socially equal. The second theory is the political liberalism. This theory tries to explain how people in a society can learn to compromise and live with each other despite the diversity in the world. This can only be achieved through the genuine use of political power in a democracy. A Clockwork Orange has some similarities to these two theories, as well as some differences; they will be discussed below.
Justice is maximal standard according to John Rawl’s justice is fairness theory. As long as justice is served, it does not matter the implications. The legitimacy of a measure put up to achieve justice is not questioned. This is similar to the film because the test used to get rid of Alex vices harms him once he gets out of prison. This does not matter because, at that time, they were solving the problem and did not look at the effects of the procedure used.
The second principle talks about the political organization and in particular fairness. The political and economic organizations should be organised in a way that the most disadvantaged in society profit the most. In the film, Alex’s friends are given jobs as police officers, and this shows a similarity with the theory. They were at the bottom of the food chain but were given jobs to sustain themselves.
Just as there are similarities, there are contrasts between the film and the theories. The first principle states that all people have the right to access basic rights and liberties. A person has the right to vote, have a conscience, freedom of choice, association and hold office. In the film, this is violated because Alex is denied this when a test is done to him. An accident during the experiment makes him experience pain and spasms when exposed to things that he was shown in the experiment. He cannot even listen to music comfortably. He was denied his basic rights because he is conditioned to behave a certain way. Even though his psychotic behaviors were kept in check, he was not in a position to choose whatever he wanted to do. His free will is not an issue to those who conditioned him, only a priest argues that he is being denied his free will. After his original state is restored, he is bribed to lobby for the government because it was unpopular at that time. He was once again denied his free will through the bribe because he had no option but to endorse the government so that they can be voted into office again.
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