Response to Birth Control and Skin and Lung Cancer. Response to Birth Control and Skin and Lung Cancer
Rensponse #1: Birth Control Pills
Using hormonal birth control pill is an effective method of controlling pregnancy. The method is the most popular in controlling unwanted pregnancies. Due to its efficiency, more than six million women in America use hormonal birth control pill (Branum & Jones, 2015). The pills they contain two synthetic hormones, namely estrogen, and progesterone. The two hormones act antagonistic to Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone thus hindering ovulation and maturity of the Graafian follicle respectively. I agree with the writer that birth pills do control pregnancy by hindering the functioning of the pituitary gland. A high progesterone level in blood, especially in the second half of menstrual, hinders pituitary gland to release follicle stimulating hormone that stimulates the growth of the Graafian follicle (Dixson, 2015). When the level estrogen decreases in the first half of menstrual cycle luteinizing hormone is released by pituitary gland leading to ovulation (Dixson, 2015). Birth control pill act by increasing the level of progesterone in blood at the beginning of the menstrual cycle and increasing estrogen around ovulation time, which is the 14th day of menstruation cycle thus hindering pituitary gland to release vital hormones.
Rensponse #1: Skin and Lung Cancer
Skin and lung cancer are the major cause of cancer-related deaths in America. Almost 90% of all non-melanoma skin cancer is as result of exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun (Reed, 2015). Many people think that exposure to the sunlight without sunscreen increases the rate of skin cancer. However, I think the use of sunscreen alone cannot curb the increasing rate of skin cancers. Increasing cases of skin cancer in America is as a result of depletion of Ozone layer used to screen ultraviolet rays from the sun. The government should regulate the use of CFCS that eventually destroys the Ozone. On the other hand, lung cancer continues escalating irrespective government regulating smoking of the cigarette. For instance, 90% of the lung cancers are because of cigarette smoking (Turner et. al., 2014). The reduction in the numbers of active smokers in the United States has not declined cases of lung cancer. This is because passive smoking is equally dangerous as active smoking. Banning the use of cigarette in public places is a better solution to reduce the cases of lung cancer in the US.
Rensponse #2: Birth Control Pills
As a result of the advancement of technology, there are many contraceptives invented which come in different forms such as oral pills, inter-uterine devices, and hormonal implants. In fact, the number of women who prefers intrauterine and hormonal implants continues to increase since they believe it is easier to manage. Despite this trend, I admit that the demand for birth control pills is high among American women. This is because birth control pills are easily available and do not require a physician to administer them. Moreover, they act by just hindering ovulation. Therefore, it does not have a long-term effect for users. Teenagers who are sexually active prefer using birth control pills since it does not make perverse their menstrual cycle hence they have hopes of getting pregnant. Birth control pills are popular because they control up to 99% of pregnancy and reduce the risk of ovarian cyst and iron deficiency (Branum & Jones, 2015). Many women who use contraceptive pills they fill comfortable using them since they experience their menses every month as usual and they can decide when they want to become pregnant. I agree with the statistics that many women decide on to use the inter-uterine devices and implants, due to their nature of being stress-free to manage and their effectiveness. This is because many women who rejected to use of birth control pills for other contraceptives openly admit that they have serious side effects that make them unable to function normally. They criticize taking birth control pills as a tiresome task for them because they must use them on a daily basis, failure to which can lead to unwanted pregnancy. Research indicates that chances of women who skip birth control pills becoming pregnant are 80% (Branum & Jones, 2015).
Rensponse #3: Skin and Lung Cancer
There are many types of cancers that exist among people, some are easy to diagnose and other are easy to treat if the treatment is started early. I agree with this statement since it is easy to detect and to treat skin cancer compared to other types of cancer. More than 90% of people who are suffering from non-melanoma cancer are successfully treated in America. It is difficult to treat non-melanoma cancer when it advances to melanoma skin cancer. I acknowledge that the cases of more men and women who have skin cancer can be attributed to the time of exposure to ultraviolet rays. This is because skin cancer is caused by the failure of the body to regenerate some specific structure of DNA that is destroyed by ultra-violet rays (Reed, 2015). Consequently, this leads to the growth of the tumor, which is treated by either chemotherapy of radiotherapy. High cases of skin cancer affect people living along the equator because the sun is overhead all year round. Even if tobacco has more than 7000 chemicals, and the majority of them are carcinogenic, I accept fact that tobacco smoking is not the only cause of lung cancer among tobacco smokers. Dust from industries has also proven to be carcinogenic, so it causes lung cancer to both smokers and nonsmokers.
Branum, A. M., & Jones, J. (2015). Trends in long-acting reversible contraception use among US women aged 15–44. NCHS data brief, 188, 1-8.
Dixson, A. (2015). Human sexuality and the menstrual cycle: comment on Havliček et al. Behavioral Ecology, 26(5), 1261-1261.
Reed, D. D. (2015). Ultra-violet indoor tanning addiction: a reinforcer pathology interpretation. Addictive Behaviors, 41, 247-251.
Turner, M. C., Cohen, A., Jerrett, M., Gapstur, S. M., Diver, W. R., Pope, C. A., … & Samet, J. M. (2014). Interactions between cigarette smoking and fine particulate matter in the Risk of Lung Cancer Mortality in Cancer Prevention Study II. American journal of epidemiology, 180(12), 1145-1149.
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