Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU).

Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)..

Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU).

Question 1

One of the prominent pressure groups in the Australian public policy arena is the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU). The union represents the interests of workers and their families both in government and in non-government organizations. ACTU is made of 18 trade unions and represents about 1.8 million Australian workers. Moreover, the union advocates for the better working environment for workers, job security, better pay, safety and health conditions, and equal opportunities for workers. Furthermore, the union provides policy and financial support to the affiliate unions.

Therefore, the union stands for its cause by conducting campaigns in the workplaces and in communities to advocate for the rights of workers. In addition, the union also challenges policies that discriminate workers in the government and non-government forums.

Some of the achievements that Union has had include improved pay for public servants over several decades, equality of women in the job places, and made it possible for paid parental holidays for all workers in Australia. In addition, the Union has been able to necessitate the superannuation guarantee rates by 12%, safe working conditions and passage of the Fair Work Act. Besides, the Union has worked tirelessly to ensure workers safety and health is safeguarded at the workplaces by pressuring those failing to observe safe working environments for their workers.

Most of the union’s organizations claim to be working independently, but outside whims influence most of them. The independence of unions can be tested by their ability to represent the interests of their members without being influenced those with financial influence and selfish agenda. Additionally, unions should be non-partisan, and they should represent the true cause of their agenda without malice or influence.

Question 2

One of the strategies for effective planning is governance. This is because government arrangements influence the implementation strategies that are taken during implementation plan. Moreover, effective governance is required to ensure that different government agencies are collectively involved in the implementation planning process. Without adequate governance, speed and flexibility in solving disputes and issues that might affect implementation of the plan are affected. Consequently, good governance involves finding experienced project leaders and officials who have the capacity to understand the vertical and horizontal lines of accountability. Therefore, government arrangements should work in line with other initiatives that work in parallel to foster implementation of the plan. Equally, good governance involves having shrewd leaders who can integrate different elements towards a common goal. Shrewd leaders work in collaboration with all the concerned stakeholders to agree and ensure consensus on the important issues affecting the implementation process. As a result, common understanding is essential for successful implementation hence the need to ensure collaboration and strong leadership.

The FAQs are directed to the government, project managers, financiers, stakeholders, and the affected communities. These parties play an important role in successful implementation of the plan. One question that should be added to the list of FAQs is does the project exhibit long-term benefits for its purpose of implementation? Thus, the purpose of the project is essential the need for measuring its outcome against the efforts contributed.

A project that needs scrutiny must be a complex venture that entails procedures to be considered before implementation. For instance, some of these dynamics include huge financial requirements, availability of financiers, the willingness of the financiers to support the project, collaboration between different funding groups and legal issues. Thus, complex projects are very sensitive since they involve many issues that may hamper their successful implementation.

Question 3

One of the policies on improving school attendance was School Enrolment and Attendance through Welfare Reform Measure (SEAM). The policy made it a primary responsibility of state and territory education authorities to respond to school enrolment and attendance issues, through the relevant legislative framework. In addition, the policy ensures legal obligations for parents to safeguard obligatory school age of their children and attends to a school or an alternative learning institution on every school day. Indeed, the policy is based on the attendance and enrolment components. In any case, the enrollment component was meant to ensure that every school-age child has been enrolled in a school and the parent or the caregiver should report why a child has not enrolled to the school, state, and local authorities. On the other hand, the attendance component was meant to ensure that every child attended school on every school day. Therefore, the component was meant to curb unauthorized nonattendance by providing financial assistance to parents experiencing financial challenges.

The policy strategies are likely to succeed since they engage relevant stakeholders in the process of implementation. Moreover, the implementation process involves the parents, school authorities, the state, and the local authorities. Undoubtedly, the parents are given the financial assistance where necessary especially for those in the remote areas to ensure that their children attend school on every school day. Therefore, the policy strategies encompass a wide scope of issues that might affect enrollment, attendance, and sustainability of a child in school. Definitely, it makes sense to make it compulsory for parents to ensure that a child of school age is enrolled in school and at the same time provide the financial assistance needed. Also, the policy targets behavioral change thus it can change the perceptions of both the child and the parent towards school enrolment.

Question 4

GetUp is very inclusive in the way it addresses policy issues. The program makes use of online and social media platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, Youtube, and LinkedIn to engage the public when pursuing policy issues. In this digital age, communication has become more advanced. Moreover, with the proliferation of smartphones in the society, millions of people can now interact through social media platforms. Consequently, online and social media podiums are more interactive since anyone in the individuals can access and contribute to discussions and sharing of ideas. Additionally, social cites are more accessible than the mass media. On the online media, people can freely express their opinions, interact with other people freely and make decisions about what they want and access anytime they want.

Social media has become the way forward for citizen involvement in this digital age. For instance, social podia have the capacity to foster a shared sense of civic identity that encourages political participation and communicative practices that create a strong civic synergy. Therefore, through social media, it is possible to get a self-political identification which has helped GetUp to pursue its policies effectively. It is through the ability of social media to create a civic identity and a sense of belonging to a particular community that organized activism has prospered. One attractive thing about GetUp using the social media platforms in its campaigns is that it is possible to create symbolic meanings on social media to sensitize people about new ideas and political perspectives.

 

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Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU).

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