Benefits of Domestication to both Animals and Plants

Benefits of Domestication to both Animals and Plants

Domestication is the process of adapting animals and plants from their wild setting to a human controlled setting with a view of benefiting from them (Leach, 2003). The first domestication can be traced back to over 10000 years ago (Leach, 2003). The dog was the first animal to be domesticated by human beings and later followed other animals and plants. Domestication has a myriad of benefits for both humans and animals. Some factors prompted humans to domestic animals. One, the man had become tired of hunting and gathering for food and wanted to live a settled life with a reliable flow of food. Consequently, the man saw domestication as an essential practice that would provide a reliable source of food as opposed to hunting and gathering.

Dependable Source of Food and Income

Through domestication, the man was sure of a dependable source of food and income. Moreover, it was possible to manipulate the rate of animal reproduction and turn them into a commodity that could be traded for income.

Companion, Security, and Labor

Through domestication, the man was able to adapt pets such as cat and dog for a companion. Furthermore, the dog provided security to humans. Such other animals like donkey, ox, bulls, pion, and horse were used as sources of labor. In addition, camels, horses, and donkey eased transportation of goods and people allowing trade to take place. Other than benefits to humans, animals benefited greatly from the domestication process in the following ways.

Health and Nutrition

Through domestication, the health of animals improved significantly. Animals were protected from the adverse environmental conditions, and they were provided with shelter and tender care. Veterinary services were adopted to provide medical care services to animals. Additionally, animal nutrition also improved significantly through the adoption of nutritional supplements to enhance their health condition. The man also improved breeds of animals to help them fit perfectly in different environmental conditions.

 

Reference

Leach, H. M. (2003). Human domestication reconsidered. Current Anthropology, 44(3), 349-368.

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