The US Court System and Civil Rights Protection.
The US Court System and Civil Rights Protection
Through the instances discussed below, we will be able to examine the role played by the court system in solving cases concerning civil rights, especially after the Second World War. In the case of Plessey v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), the Supreme Court concluded that the State of Louisiana did not violate in any way the Fourteenth Amendment. This led to the establishment and enforcement of the policy of racial segregation on the railway system. This affirmative action led to lots of controversy from different races in the country. The US court system has played an important role in enhancing and protecting civil rights before and during the world war.
On the other hand, in the case of Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923), the Supreme Court ruled that the Nebraska law was unconstitutionally restricting foreign language education (Kelly 589). Hence, the law was violating the Fourteenth Amendment. Justice McReynolds argued that liberty protected the due process of the law (Garrow 917). Further, in 1947, the US Court of Appeal ruled that no school district should segregate students based on their national origin especially the Mexicans and Asians. Hence, Brown v. Board of the Education decided and ruled that racial segregation was truly unconstitutional (Wallace 16). This meant black and white people could ride the same bus as well as attend the same schools.
Finally, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S (1993) was a great landmark decision where the Supreme Court ruled that women had the right to privacy when it came to abortion in protecting their health and lives. The court thus ruled for women rights that were also agitated throughout the civil right movement. From the cases discussed above, the US court system played an important role in protecting civil rights, especially on racial segregation issues and the right to women health.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka No. 347. Supreme Court of the US. Spring 1954.
Civil Action No. 4292. District Court, San Diego, Calif., Central Division, Feb. 18, 1946.
Garrow, David J. Liberty and Sexuality: The Right to Privacy and the Making of Roe V. Wade. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. Print.
Kelly, Edward. “EPTL § 3-4.3: Separation Agreement Containing General Release of Rights Held Insufficient to Revoke Specific Will Bequests to Spouse.” St. John’s Law Review 56.3 (1982): 589-596. Print.
Plessy v. Ferguson No. 163. Supreme Court of the US. 1896.
Roe v. Wade No. 70-18. Supreme Court of the US. 22 1973.
Wallace, Jared. Mendez et. al v. Westminster et. al’s Impact on Social Policy and Mexican-American Community Organization in Mid-Century Orange County. Vocesnovae Chapman University Historical Review 5.1 (2013). Print.
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