Socrates Expectations of Human Nature and interactions

Socrates Expectations of Human Nature and interactions.

Socrates Expectations of Human Nature and interactions

Human nature varies and depends on various things as posited in Leviathan and Crito philosophical approaches by Hobbes and Plato respectively. Interactions between human beings are premised on different things. Hobbes asserts that human beings are more concerned with personal safety. According to Hobbes, reputation is a secondary element that is only pursued for glory or for enhancing personal safety. Therefore, according to Hobbes, all interactions are based on the need to protect personal needs and to ensure security. On the contrary, Socrates bases interaction on voluntary agreement by the majority. According to Socrates, what the majority has not voluntarily agreed is unjust, and one should not do unjust things to others.

Socrates, therefore, sets the standards of interactions so high for others to match. According to Hobbes, some of the human beings are coward; others are selfish while some are vainglorious. For those reasons, humans will use anything at their disposal, including violence to achieve their objectives and to make ends meet. Therefore, living in a just society is not attainable as postulated by Socrates. Hobbes perspective is that human beings act according to the current situation. They interact friendly and violently with a motive to achieve something. Consequently, acting justly and through voluntary agreement is a thing that might be eclipsed by personal interests and become achievable. The Strong power of human appetites and aversion takes precedence when determining the course of interaction. Therefore, human aversions and appetites call for an overarching sovereign body to offer control over them. Therefore, living in a just society cannot emanate from oneself conviction but the standards set by overarching sovereign bodies. Evidently, Socrates set the standards of interaction so high against the backdrop of a myriad of personal interests that play a pertinent role in determining the course of interactions.

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Socrates Expectations of Human Nature and interactions