## NPVs, IRRs, and MIRRs for Independent Projects Edelman Engineering

Intermediate Problems 8–18 (10-8).

NPVs, IRRs, and MIRRs for Independent Projects Edelman Engineering is considering including two pieces of equipment, a truck and an overhead pulley system, in this year’s capital budget. The projects are independent. The cash outlay for the truck is \$17,100 and that for the pulley system is \$22,430. The firm’s cost of capital is 14%. After-tax cash flows, including depreciation, are as follows: Year Truck Pulley 1 \$5,100 \$7,500 2 5,100 7,500 3 5,100 7,500 4 5,100 7,500 5 5,100 7,500 Calculate the IRR, the NPV, and the MIRR for each project, and indicate the correct accept–reject decision for each.

(10-9). NPVs and IRRs for Mutually Exclusive Projects Davis Industries must choose between a gas-powered and an electric-powered forklift truck for moving materials in its factory. Because both forklifts perform the same function, the firm will choose only one. (They are mutually exclusive investments.) The electric-powered truck will cost more, but it will be less expensive to operate; it will cost \$22,000, whereas the gas-powered truck will cost \$17,500. The cost of capital that applies to both investments is 12%. The life for both types of truck is estimated to be 6 years, during which time the net cash flows for the electric-powered truck will be \$6,290 per year and those for the gas-powered truck will be \$5,000 per year. Annual net cash flows include depreciation expenses. Calculate the NPV and IRR for each type of truck, and decide which to recommend.

(10-10). Capital Budgeting Methods Project S has a cost of \$10,000 and is expected to produce benefits (cash flows) of \$3,000 per year for 5 years. Project L costs \$25,000 and is expected to produce cash flows of \$7,400 per year for 5 years. Calculate the two projects’ NPVs, IRRs, MIRRs, and PIs, assuming a cost of capital of 12%. Which project would be selected, assuming they are mutually exclusive, using each ranking method? Which should actually be selected?

11-1). Investment Outlay Talbot Industries is considering launching a new product. The new manufacturing equipment will cost \$17 million, and production and sales will require an initial \$5 million investment in net operating working capital. The company’s tax rate is 40%.

a-What is the initial investment outlay?

b-The company spent and expensed \$150,000 on research related to the new product last year. Would this change your answer? Explain.

c-Rather than build a new manufacturing facility, the company plans to install the equipment in a building it owns but is not now using. The building could be sold for \$1.5 million after taxes and real estate commissions. How would this affect your answer?

(11-2). Operating Cash Flow The financial staff of Cairn Communications has identified the following information for the first year of the roll-out of its new proposed service:

 Projected sales \$18million Operating cost(not including cash flow) \$9 million Depreciation \$4million Interest Expense \$3million

Projected sales \$18 million Operating costs (not including depreciation) \$ 9 million Depreciation \$ 4 million Interest expense \$ 3 million

The company faces a 40% tax rate. What is the project’s operating cash flow for the first year (t=1)(t=1)?