Pythagoras was author of which scientific theory?

Pythagoras was author of which scientific theory?

1. The rest of Greece admired Sparta for its

A. artistic creativity.

B. contributions to philosophy.

C. military might.

D. All these answers are correct.

2. Greeks of the Archaic Age were NOT bound together by a

A. common language.

B. unified state.

C. shared tradition of heroic stories and folk tales.

D. standard set of myths and religious practices.

3. Solon was

A. the leader of the Spartans in the Persian Wars.

B. an Athenian admiral during the Persian Wars.

C. an aristocrat who reformed the Athenian economy and social orders.

D. one of the early Greek playwrights.

4. The impact of Greece’s first philosophers resulted from the fact that

A. they described the physical world as the result of natural causes and effects.

B. they questioned the role, power, and existence of the Greek deities.

C. they established a body of knowledge that came to be identified as natural philosophy.

D. All these answers are correct.

5. The cultural institution that grew out of the worship of Dionysus was the

A. library.

B. academy.

C. church.

D. theater.

6. Minoan art reveals which Cretan religious practice?

A. worship of a god of thunder

B. human sacrifices

C. worship of a mother goddess

D. belief in a deity who resides within each human subject

7. In the Archaic style, how did a statue of a korē differ from a statue of a kouros?

A. A korē was given an archaic smile.

B. A korē was portrayed clothed.

C. A korē was portrayed with stylized hair.

D. All these answers are correct.

8. One Egyptian influence on Archaic Greek sculpture was

A. open body stance and balance.

B. shifting of bodily weight onto one leg.

C. left-foot-forward movement.

D. emotions recorded on faces.

9. Named for King Minos, the Minoan civilization

A. had a simple class structure consisting of nobles and peasants.

B. was based on a stable mercantile economy.

C. was a society based on a military hierarchy.

D. had high walls protecting its great palaces.

10. Minoan civilization eventually fell to the

A. Egyptians.

B. Etruscans.

C. Mycenaeans.

D. Dorians.

11. Sappho’s lyric poetry mainly addressed the subject of

A. victorious athletes.

B. passionate love in all of its aspects.

C. political and social problems.

D. nature.

12. Pythagoras was author of which scientific theory?

A. the notion that the basic stuff of nature is water

B. the concept of atomism

C. the view of the four elements: earth, air, fire, and water

D. the belief that everything is based on numbers

13. An oligarchy is

A. government by the few.

B. similar to a democracy.

C. rule by a king.

D. None of these answers is correct.

14. Mycenaean civilization transmitted which legacy to Archaic Greece?

A. fortress-palaces

B. ashlar-style construction

C. legends and myths of gods and heroes

D. imaginative literature

15. Which of these features are common to the Doric temple style?

A. columns with undecorated capitals

B. metopes

C. triglyphs

D. All these answers are correct.

16. The significance of the Persian Wars was that they

A. meant the triumph of the East over the West.

B. ended the Golden Age of Greece.

C. allowed Greek democratic institutions and humanistic values to continue to develop.

D. led Greece to experience a century of peace.

17. Mycenaean civilization was centered

A. on the Peloponnesus.

B. in northern Greece.

C. on the Greek islands.

D. on Crete.

18. What change occurred in Archaic sculpture at the end of the period?

A. Faces became more emotional.

B. Realistic tension was now depicted in the body.

C. Frontality was introduced.

D. All these answers are correct.

19. Homer’s writings drew on legends of

A. Egyptian civilization.

B. Minoan civilization.

C. Mycenaean civilization.

D. Etruscan civilization.

20. Greek religion taught the faithful to avoid the sin of hubris, or

A. greed.

B. extreme pride.

C. sexual immorality.

D. murder.

21. What aspect of love does Sappho describe in the poem “He Seems to Be a God”?

A. ecstasy

B. contentment

C. hatred

D. jealousy

22. The style of Greek pottery decorations which immediately followed the Orientalizing period is called

A. the yellow and black figure style.

B. the red-figure style.

C. the multi-colored style.

D. the black-figure style.

23. The Greeks thought that human creativity came from

A. the Olympian deities.

B. Dionysus and his followers.

C. the oracle at Delphi.

D. nine goddesses called Muses.

24. The philosopher Heraclitus

A. was a materialist like Thales.

B. followed idealism like Pythagoras.

C. established the first dialectical form of reasoning.

D. found truth in a stable universe.

25. Unlike the Egyptian style, the Archaic style was characterized by

A. a slight smile on the face.

B. female and male nudes.

C. distortion of the musculature.

D. the free movement of the body.

26. A major political change occurred, in the early Archaic Age, that

A. shifted power from the land owners to the peasants.

B. made the kings more powerful than ever.

C. put power into the hands of the noble families.

D. allowed the slaves to serve in the government.

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