To the Greeks, which two gods manifested the extremes of moderation and excess?

Greeks, which two gods manifested the extremes of moderation

1. During the Hellenic Age, a dominant feature of Greek society was

A. equality between men and women.

B. an increasingly urban lifestyle.

C. cooperation among the Greek poleis.

D. the building of walls around the Aegean.

2. One of the ideals the Greeks strived for was a

A. recognition in life that all human beings are equal.

B. uniform religion with one major deity.

C. balance or moderation in life.

D. unified Greek state.

3. To the Greeks, which two gods manifested the extremes of moderation and excess?

A. Mars and Aphrodite

B. Apollo and Dionysus

C. Apollo and Athena

D. Zeus and Hera

4. In a famous speech, Pericles boasted that Athens

A. had the best theater in Greece.

B. was the model for Greece.

C. had the best Olympic team in Greece.

D. dominated the rest of Greece.

5. The primary cause of the Peloponnesian War was

A. the threat from Philip of Macedonia.

B. the rise of Sparta.

C. the emergence of Thebes.

D. Athens’s growing domination over the other city-states.

6. The dream of Alexander the Great was to

A. fuse African and Macedonian civilizations.

B. set up an international league of city-states.

C. create a united world based on Greek and Persian culture.

D. destroy all cultures except the Greek culture.

7. The essence of classicism is to

A. preserve the best of the past.

B. have everyone conform to a uniform way of thinking.

C. strive toward a perfection, an ideal form.

D. have a balanced view of public and private life.

8. Aristotle’s Poetics claims that the purpose of tragedy is to

A. supplement religious rites.

B. bring about catharsis.

C. entertain.

D. provide civic spectacle.

9. Euripides wrote plays that can be described as

A. often skeptical about religion.

B. always having a happy ending.

C. dealing with the lives of ordinary Greek citizens.

D. satiric studies of Greek manners.

10. The most famous and most successful comic playwright was

A. Aeschylus.

B. Aristophanes.

C. Agisthenes.

D. Aristotle.

11. In the play Lysistrata, Aristophanes has the women of Athens and Sparta withold sex from their husbands

A. to protest the absurdity of war.

B. as a means of birth control.

C. because they feared sexually transmitted diseases in time of war.

D. to protect their cities against the ravages of the Persian armies.

12. The Greeks believed that music

A. was simply the product of human creativity and innovation.

B. was entertaining and fun.

C. served ethical and educational functions.

D. was basically expressive and emotional.

13. The two founders of Greek historical writing were

A. Plattus and Matthedides.

B. Sophocles and Euripides.

C. Empedocles and Pythagoras.

D. Herodotus and Thucydides.

14. Protagoras is famous for saying

A. “Man is the measure of all things.”

B. “Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die.”

C. “No man is an island to himself.”

D. “Man’s life is but a dream.”

15. Socrates criticized the Sophists for their

A. All these answers are correct.

B. belief in the Olympian deities.

C. inability to present a reasoned argument.

D. rejection of an enduring moral order in the universe.

16. Socrates was accused of

A. not paying his debts.

B. aiding Athens’s enemies during the Peloponnesian War.

C. refusing to swear loyalty to the Athenian government.

D. corrupting the youth of Athens.

17. The life of Socrates is known mainly through

A. Plutarch’s Lives.

B. Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War.

C. his autobiography.

D. Plato’s dialogues.

18. Plato’s most important contribution to Western philosophy was his

A. atomic theory.

B. founding of the school of idealism.

C. establishment of the Academy.

D. theory of numbers.

19. In the Republic, Plato created

A. a utopian land of peace and plenty.

B. a capitalist economic system.

C. an ideal society run by philosopher-kings.

D. an ideal society under a government run by soldiers.

20. Xenophon reasoned that married women’s responsibilities included all of the following EXCEPT

A. carrying out domestic chores.

B. managing the husband’s estate.

C. bearing children.

D. submitting to the husband’s will in all things.

21. Unlike Plato, Aristotle

A. was not interested in politics.

B. thought that the senses were to be ignored.

C. argued that knowledge is derived from studying the material world.

D. ignored the way that the world operated.

22. Aristotle has influenced Western thought in all of the following ways EXCEPT that

A. his ideas were later accepted as authoritative by the Catholic church.

B. he was considered to have the most comprehensive mind of the ancient world.

C. his writings formed the core of much of classical learning.

D. his ethical writings became the prevailing moral code of the West.

23. Who is known as the “father of medicine”?

A. Herodotus

B. Aristotle

C. Hippocrates

D. Socrates

24. Athens’s major religious shrines were located

A. around the city’s burial grounds.

B. outside the city’s walls.

C. on the Acropolis.

D. in the agora.

25. A comparison of the Doric and Ionic orders of columns reveals that

A. All these answers are correct.

B. most of the early temples were built with Doric columns.

C. the Ionic column has a capital that looks like a double scroll or the horns of a ram.

D. the Ionic is more decorated than the Doric.

26. Greek sculptors carved the human form in a graceful pose known as the

A. flat-footed pose.

B. sfumato.

C. three-point stance.

D. contrapposto.

27. Perhaps the most important contribution of Hellenic Greece to the Western tradition was

A. None of these answers is correct.

B. the unquestioning obedience to the state.

C. the skeptical spirit rooted in democracy.

D. the sharp distinction between science and philosoph

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