Globalization and Change:the primary differences between how mainstream perspectives (realist, liberal, and identity) and the critical theory perspectives explain globalization?
Globalization and Change
Reflect: As we have determined in previous lessons, the different IR perspectives offer unique insights into the phenomenon of globalization. For example, from a realist perspective, the source of globalization lies with the influential states that shape the international system. For the liberal perspective, certain types of technological and economic developments have driven the phenomenon of globalization. The identity perspective emphasizes the impact, as well as the battle between crucial, critical ideas that emerged in the latter half of the 21st century. While these three mainstream IR perspectives provide valid views of globalization, alternative perspectives, also known as critical theory perspectives, can also provide unique and contrasting viewpoints on the causes and impacts of globalization. These differences between factors provide excellent visions into how these perspectives describe, explain, and predict the impacts of globalization.