Mass communication

Mass communication

1600-1800 words of actual text—not including the references page
o 8 credible sources must be cited—referred to in-text and in the references page
o No more than 20% direct quotations—“”
o Documentation styles: APA or MLA format (MLA for literature, APA for social sciences and humanities) (CMS if your field will require it, or for print ready)
o In-text citations and references page required

Working with Sources
ϖ Part 4 of Practical Argument discusses integrating and working with sources. Additional information may be found at <link is hidden>
ϖ Work from your outline as your starting point—make in-text citation corrections in the outline before you start—those sources will be cited correctly in the text later.
ϖ Make sure you have credible sources—for example an expert in the field or a noted researcher from a well-known, credible publication
ϖ When you find what you think is a useful source, print it and note the reference at that time
ϖ You may add sources that you did not include in the bibliography—no need to summarize, but making notes will help you to integrate the new sources
ϖ Write significant ideas in the margins of sources
ϖ Use tabs or post-it notes to note the function of the source, intro., case study, stats, etc.
ϖ Arrange sources in most likely order of use before you begin drafting
ϖ Then, consider what you might be missing by way of ingredients before you begin to write

Forming your argument—allow plenty of time for an imperfect world—see Part 5 and 6 for forming an argument

ϖ Remember to look at the paper in sections, rather than as a whole—especially as you begin to draft
ϖ Make sure that your paragraphs follow the basic formula of topic sentence, general examples, specific examples such as case studies and statistics
ϖ Work from the basic format of general to specific, give a general introduction to your topic, then work towards more specific applications
ϖ Part 7 covers drafting and may be helpful
ϖ If your argument changes slightly during the course of your writing, make sure to alter your thesis accordingly
ϖ As you work on your first draft, approach your paper in sections, introduction, body paragraphs, conclusion—consider each section individually
ϖ As you work on later drafts, work on transitions between paragraphs
ϖ As you work on later drafts, consider your structure paragraph by paragraph—sometimes you will want to block and move sections

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