Human Pathophysiology: Coronary artery disease as described above with previous PTCA and stenting procedures..
Coronary artery disease as described above with previous PTCA and stenting procedures.
Write a comprehensive medical report on a disease we have studied up to this point. Be sure to include all relevant medical history, testing/diagnostics, treatment options, and recommended plan of action. Paper should be in APA format and 4 pages submitted to the Submissions Area.
Here is an example for assignment 2:
First you can introduce a patient report-case study.
“DATE OF CONSULTATION: MM/DD/YYYY
REFERRING PHYSICIAN: John Doe, MD
CONSULTING PHYSICIAN: Jane Doe, MD
REASON FOR CONSULTATION: Surgical evaluation for coronary artery disease.
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: The patient is a (XX)-year-old female who has a known history of coronary artery disease. She underwent previous PTCA and stenting procedures in December and most recently in August. Since that time, she has been relatively stable with medical management. However, in the past several weeks, she started to notice some exertional dyspnea with chest pain. For the most part, the pain subsides with rest. For this reason, she was re-evaluated with a cardiac catheterization. This demonstrated 3-vessel coronary artery disease with a 70% lesion to the right coronary artery; this was a proximal lesion. The left main had a 70% stenosis. The circumflex also had a 99% stenosis. Overall left ventricular function was mildly reduced with an ejection fraction of about 45%. The left ventriculogram did note some apical hypokinesis. In view of these findings, surgical consultation was requested and the patient was seen and evaluated by Dr. Doe.
PAST MEDICAL HISTORY:
1. Coronary artery disease as described above with previous PTCA and stenting procedures.
4. Status post breast lumpectomy for cancer with followup radiation therapy to the chest.
MEDICATIONS: Aspirin 81 mg daily, Plavix 75 mg daily, Altace 2.5 mg daily, metoprolol 50 mg b.i.d. and Lipitor 10 mg q.h.s.
SOCIAL HISTORY: She quit smoking approximately 8 months ago. Prior to that time, she had about a 35- to 40-pack-year history. She does not abuse alcohol.
FAMILY MEDICAL HISTORY: Mother died prematurely of breast cancer. Her father died prematurely of gastric carcinoma.
REVIEW OF SYSTEMS: There is no history of any CVAs, TIAs or seizures. No chronic headaches. No asthma, TB, hemoptysis or productive cough. There is no congenital heart abnormality or rheumatic fever history. She has no palpitations. She notes no nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, but immediately prior to admission, she did develop some diffuse abdominal discomfort. She says that since then, this has resolved. No diabetes or thyroid problem. There is no depression or psychiatric problems. There is no musculoskeletal disorders or history of gout. There are no hematologic problems or blood dyscrasias. No bleeding tendencies. Again, she had a history of breast cancer and underwent lumpectomy procedures for this with followup radiation therapy. She has been followed in the past 10 years and mammography shows no evidence of any recurrent problems. There is no recent fevers, malaise, changes in appetite or changes in weight.
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION: Her blood pressure is 120/70, pulse is 80. She is in a sinus rhythm on the EKG monitor. Respirations are 18 and unlabored. Temperature is 98.2 degrees Fahrenheit. She weighs 160 pounds, she is 5 feet 4 inches. In general, this was an elderly-appearing, pleasant female who currently is not in acute distress. Skin color and turgor are good. Pupils were equal and reactive to light. Conjunctivae clear. Throat is benign. Mucosa was moist and noncyanotic. Neck veins not distended at 90 degrees. Carotids had 2+ upstrokes bilaterally without bruits. No lymphadenopathy was appreciated. Chest had a normal AP diameter. The lungs were clear in the apices and bases, no wheezing or egophony appreciated. The heart had a normal S1, S2. No murmurs, clicks or gallops. The abdomen was soft, nontender, nondistended. Good bowel sounds present. No hepatosplenomegaly was appreciated. No pulsatile masses were felt. No abdominal bruits were heard. Her pulses are 2+ and equal bilaterally in the upper and lower extremities. No clubbing is appreciated. She is oriented x3. Demonstrated a good amount of strength in the upper and lower extremities. Face was symmetrical. She had a normal gait.
IMPRESSION: This is a (XX)-year-old female with significant multivessel coronary artery disease. The patient also has a left main lesion. She has undergone several PTCA and stenting procedures within the last year to year and a half. At this point, in order to reduce the risk of any possible ischemia in the future, surgical myocardial revascularization is recommended.
PLAN: We will plan to proceed with surgical myocardial revascularization. The risks and benefits of this procedure were explained to the patient. All questions pertaining to this procedure were answered.”
References: Cardiology Consultation Transcribed Medical Transcription Sample Reports. (n.d.). Retrieved from Medical Transcription Samples
Note: Add the diagnostic tests before impression in your paper.
Take time to write about the disease. It can be described in more details after your case study or integrated within it. Add more details regarding pathophysiology, differential diagnoses, explanation of testing methods, Add prognosis/potential outcome as well.
Your paper will look like a history and physical but with emphasis on discussing the disease, diagnostic tests, diagnosis(differential diagnoses) and treatments
You need to create a story about a patient with an illness we have looked at so far.
For your paper, you need to follow APA Style guidelines and must include the following standardized elements:
· Title page
· Main body
· In-text citations for paraphrased and quoted material
· References page
· Minimum number of credible, academic sources
· Running head
· Page numbers
· Double spaced on standard sized paper (8.5” x 11”)
· 1” margins
· 12 pt. Times New Roman
· Indent each new paragraph (tab ½” or 5 spaces)