According to the DSM-5, dysthymia is classified as a depression that is on going

According to the DSM-5, dysthymia is classified as a depression that is on going

According to the DSM-5, dysthymia is classified as a depression that is on going. Other systems of this disorder are or may accompanied the depression, low esteem, no interest in anything, feeling hopeless, no productivity. For dysthymia symptoms will last for two years or more.
Researchers have used quantitative methods, but others like, Svanborg, Bäärnhielm, Wistedt,& Lützen used a “combination of quantitative and qualitative methods.”(Svanborg, Bäärnhielm, Wistedt,& Lützen, (2008))
Research Question:
Long term treatment effects due to dysthymia. I believe that using two qualitative methods, Grounded Theory and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis or IPA. Would be able to answer the research question. The aspect of research that feel need to be study is the long term effect that treatment has on this disorder. Having controlled groups one group with therapy alone another with therapy and medication for the disorder and a third group that has no therapy or medication.
Compare the characteristics and appropriate uses of various qualitative research designs.
Grounded Theory, This theory focus on what is going on. This theory is based on observational research. As I continued to do my own research on this theory, I found that grounded theory is a continues research and only ends when the researchers quite or finally end it. Because it is a contentious research method , “this theory can be explained in words and is usually presented with much of the contextually relevant detail collected.”( Trochim(2006))
Interpretative Phenomenological analysis (IPA), this method explores experience in a persons or a culture. “ IPA is especially valuable when examining topics which are complex, ambiguous and emotionally laden.”(Smith, Osborn (2015))
Create a feasible research design that includes plans for the sample selection, data collection, and data analysis.
The sample that I would use in my study would be several hospitals and mental health clinics, some distance apart from each other. The reason that I say this is the samples would be a more representative sample. The groups that I would have would consist of three groups. The first group would be a group that is under both medication for their dysthymia and also receiving group and one on one therapy. Group two is not on medication but receive therapy alone. Group three is the group that does not receive therapy and is not on medication any longer.
Data, would consist of both open and close ended questions. I believe added the close ended questions would allow individuals to become more comfortable in answering the question. I would set up a scale on the degree of feeling depressed, for example 1 being not so depressed and 10 being very. The question would be something like, Since on this medication how are you feeling? And on the scale from 1 to 10, 1 being depressed 10 not at all how is your depression? Since I will be using both grounded theory and IPA collection of data will take sometime. Since the research is long-term effects.
Apply ethical principles to your design by explaining how this type of qualitative design may affect the participants in your study and how you will deal with sociocultural issues.
One must always follow ethical principles when conducting any research. Informed consent from the people that are volunteering for this research. Also before any research begins one must get approval, from the institution that the research is done through. Also participants need to remain anonymous, so confidentiality is very important. Understanding different cultures that may be participating in the research is very helpful, if the culture does not speak about certain things, making sure that the questions that are in the study do not ask them, for example speaking about sex if the culture find that subject is not appropriate to speak about with others then asking a question like has your sex drive increased or decreased would not be acceptable. Because this world is filled with different cultures and beliefs it is up to the researcher to understand the difference and act accordingly to these differences.
Sharon Runnalls
References

Bech, Kessing, & Bukh, (2016). The validity of dysthymia to predict clinical depressive symptoms as measured by the Hamilton Depression Scale at the 5-year follow-up of patients with first episode depression. Nordic Journal Of Psychiatry, 70(8), 563-566. doi:10.1080/08039488.2016.1180712

Svanborg, Bäärnhielm, Wistedt,& Lützen, (2008). Helpful and hindering factors for remission in dysthymia and panic disorder at 9-year follow-up: a mixed methods study. BMC Psychiatry, 852. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-8-52

Frost, N. (2011). Qualitative research methods in psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Trochim(2006) Qualitative Approaches https://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/qualapp.php

Smith, Osborn (2015) Interpretative phenomenological analysis as a useful methodology for research on the lived experience of pain https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4616994/

American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 amendments
. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

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