Developmental Psychopathology

Developmental Psychopathology

The medical view of psychopathology is that it occurs due to faulty physiological and intrapsychic or mental processes. While certain disorders do have biological causes, developmental psychologists argue that the medical model is inadequate, because it does not account for environmental influences.

Abnormal behavior is behavior that causes distress to the individual and/or others, and places the individual and/or others in danger. When children appear to be experiencing distress, developmental psychopathology can be used to help them. Developmental psychopathology investigates maladaptive or disordered behavior by focusing on the following four principles (Cicchetti & Toth, 2006).

Identifying Who is the Problem

If an adult refers a child for psychological help, therapists should investigate whether it is the child or adult who has the problem and needs the therapy. In many cases, the adult may be the source of the problem or have a distorted or discriminatory view of the child (Bauer & Twentyman, 1985; Cicchetti & Toth, 2006). For instance, abusive parents often attribute their problems to the child.

ORIGIN AND CAUSES

CONTEXTUALIZATION

EARLY BEHAVIORS

RICK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS

Classification of Child Psychopathology

Most psychological theories see adult psychological functioning as being seeded in childhood. Despite this, far less research on child psychology has been conducted than on adult psychology, and the question of how to classify childhood psychopathology arises.

DIAGNOSTIC APPROACH

EMPIRICAL APPROACH

Psychological Disorders in Children

· UNDERCONTROLLED DISORDERS

· OVERCONTROLLED DISORDERS

· PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

Undercontrolled disorders reflect the lack of control children have over their behaviors, and include attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorders. This category refers to disobedience, compliance and aggression, and generally relates to how others are disturbed by the child – that is, social judgements.

Knowledge Check

1

Question 1

In the mental health field, abnormal behavior is:

 

Behavior that   is different to children of the same age.

 

Behavior that   is unusual.

 

Behavior that   causes distress to the child/others and/or that puts the child/others in   danger.

 

All   of the above.

I don’t know

find the cost of your paper