To what extent do modern and classical liberals agree over the relationship between the individual and the state?

Modern and classical liberals

Use examples from democratic states to support
your points
This essay is asking you to demonstrate a clear and strong
understanding of the two ideologies, by examining the similarities and
differences between them. You need to show your understanding of the key
principles of the ideology, and importantly what these mean for state.
Think about:
 What are the main principles of liberalism?
 How do classical and modern liberalism understand liberalism’s core
principles differently?
Think about:
O Where do they stand on fundamental concepts like freedom and
O What is the role of the state in achieving their principles?
O What is the relationship between the people and the state?
O What economic policies and systems most closely associated with
or used by the ideologies?
 What examples can you find to illustrate the points that you make?
 Ensure your examples are from democratic states.
 As ideologies did not fully develop in their initial versions until the 19th
century, examples should not date further back than this, and
preferably should come from the 20th and 21st century.
 You must use recognised academic sources
Your answer should demonstrate evidence of research and your
arguments should be supported with evidence, examples and
quotations from a range of relevant sources (books, journals,
reliable media and internet sources).
 All sources should be referenced correctly using the APA College
Referencing Guide (see MOLE).
 All sources must be English language.
 You must write the essay title at the top of your first page.
 You can use subheadings, but these should only be for major
sections. You should not have subheadings for each paragraph.
Subheadings and paragraphs should not be numbered.
 Word Limit: 1800-2000 words

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