The policies of both Import-Substitution Industrialization and Neoliberalism

Import-Substitution Industrialization and Neoliberalism

1. The policies of both Import-Substitution Industrialization and Neoliberalism strongly

influenced the urban geography of Latin America, but in profoundly different ways.
First, differentiate between the two policies and then compare and contrast their effects
on urban areas, including the distribution of cities as well as what is occurring within
cities. Be sure to include ALL of the following terms/concepts in your answer: urban
growth, overurbanization, urban primacy, informal sector (housing and employment),
squatter settlements/favelas, privatization, gender and secondary cities. When using
these terms, be sure they are put in
bold. If not, points will be deducted.


2. On p. 94, Klak states that “Sustainable Development has become a universal goal in
recent years”. Discuss what is meant by sustainable development, both culturally and
environmentally, followed by a discussion of how that goal is threatened or enabled by
various activities within the region such as an expanding export economy, tourism in its
various forms (be sure you incorporate at least 3 forms of tourism in this discussion), and
drug production. Lastly, do you feel that the gradual transition away from neoliberalism
would improve or deter the region’s sustainability efforts? Why (be as specific as
Each answer should be 2-3 pages, single-spaced. You must do both questions.
Jackiewicz, <link is hidden> and <link is hidden> Bosco (2016). Placing Latin America: Contemporary Themes in
Geography, Third edition. Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.