Authority is a force for achieving desired outcomes that is prescribed by the formal hierarchy and reporting relationships.

2. The factors that may determine who has more power is how each organization builds coalitions and expand networks, as well as who is assigning loyal people to key positions.

4.  Power is the ability of one person to influence other people to carry out orders or do something they would not have done otherwise.

Authority is a force for achieving desired outcomes that is prescribed by the formal hierarchy and reporting relationships.

Yes, it is possible for a person to have formal authority but no power.  For example, in one of the recent case studies we studied in class for the Donor Services Department, one of their workers was given the title of supervisor. She had no power over her counterparts though because she was never told how much of her new authority she could exercise.  If she was told how much power she was allowed to exercise she would have actually been able to supervise.

7. I would say this employee has no political power and that is why no one listened to him.  To increase his power, he could have used the four tactics described in the text.  Enter areas of high uncertainty, create dependencies, provide scarce resources, and satisfy strategic contingencies (Daft, 2016, p.540).

9.  I would say yes, I agree with this.  Everything we create or make is to gain something else in return.  I usually feel the need to return a favor if it is done for me.  There are some instances though where people think they are doing a favor for you when they are really not.

Daft, R. L. (2016). Organization theory & design(12th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

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