Example of a Good Time-line/Chronology

Example of a Good Time-line/Chronology (Courtesy K. Burns,
HIS 135)

1. Declaration of National Independence for Colonies – In 1942,
the US State Department issued this declaration calling for all
colonies to obtain independence. This is significant, because it shows
the United State’s foreign policy on colonies. The US was one of the
only countries at this time calling for the independence of the
world’s colonies.
2. Independence for the Philippines – In 1946, the US
peacefully transferred power to an independent Philippines. This
showed the world, that the US was enacting its stated foreign policy.
However, the US does maintain a significant military base presence
on the islands.
3. Pakistan separates from India – In 1947, Pakistan is created as
a separate nation from India. The Muslim population in the
northwest portion of India was at odds with the Hindu majority. This
was not a peaceful transition, as approximately 1 million people were
killed and 7.5 million people relocated to their country of choice.
4. Israel recognized as a country by the UN – In 1948, Israel
was recognized as a country by the UN after Britain relinquished
control of the Palestinian colony. Some 419,000 Palestinians moved
out of Israel as a result of the creation of Israel. Tensions between
Arabs and Israelis exist today, since an independent Palestinian
nation does not exist.
5. Independence for Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia – In 1954,
Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia gain independence from France. For
more than a decade, France fought in Indochina to maintain control of
these colonies. The threat of communism in nearby China, kept the
French entrenched in these battles. While the US disagreed with
maintaining colonies, they entered the Vietnam War when the French
left in order to not allow communism to take hold in this region of the
world.
6. Bandung Conference – In 1955, the Bandung Declaration
included signing nations by 56% of the world’s population, mostly
from Africa and Asia. The declaration called for equality between all
people, humanitarian rights, and respect for independence. This
conference was significant because it came at a time when
decolonization was beginning and called the world’s attention to the
issue.
7. Suez Incident – In 1956, Israel invaded Egypt with Britain
and France’s assistance after the Egyptian government nationalized
the Suez Canal. The US strongly urged Britain and France to leave
Egypt through diplomatic negotiations. This was a bold attempt by
these two countries to return Egypt to colonial status.
8. Sub-Saharan Africa Independence – Though out the years
between 1960-1963, many sub-Saharan African nations gained their
independence from Britain and France. This period was significant in
the decolonization process as independence then spread to many
other parts of the world.
9. Pass laws peaceful protest – In 1960 in South Africa, 70
people were killed in a peaceful protest against the pass laws that
required Africans to show their reason for passing into white
neighborhoods. The next day 30,000 people protested the killings in
Johannesburg, South Africa. This was the most notable event to
protest the pass laws and apartheid at this time.
10. UN Declaration – In 1961, 29 African and Asian nations issued
a UN declaration calling for the independence of all colonies. 89
nations joined in signing this declaration, which was a much large r
number than the 4 who signed a similar declaration in the early
1950’s. This showed the world’s view was changing in favor of
colonial independence.

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