Why do courts require “standing” for a lawsuit to proceed

Write an essay consisting of at least 600 words addressing all of the following topics (a through d): intext citations, APA Format and at least three citations
 

a. Why do courts require “standing” for a lawsuit to proceed? Do you agree with this requirement?
 

b. Discuss the concept of “ripeness” in regards to litigation.
 

c. Describe the differences between arbitration and mediation.
 

d. Describe the various courts where an environmental lawsuit could occur and under which conditions each court would have jurisdiction.

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