Criminal Justice Process flowchart

Review the Criminal Justice Process flowchart on page 10 in the e-text. This chart shows the various paths a person can travel once he or she enters the system. The chart is separated by each branch of the criminal justice system. Make note of the various “arms” of the chart. There is no one way to navigate through the system.

As explained, the criminal justice system is separated into three branches: law enforcement, courts, and corrections. What is each branch responsible for? How do they interact with one another? Explain how each of these pieces of the system work to complement the others. What would happen if one branch of the system were broken? Describe how the malfunction of one criminal justice system branch would affect the operation of the other two branches.

In responding to your peers’ posts, do you think one part of the system is more important than another? Is it possible for one part of the system to change without influencing the other systems?

Response #1

Latevia Sears posted Dec 24, 2018 4:18 AM

In the Criminal Justice System, the three branches integrate so well that we could not’t even imagine one without the other two. Law enforcement are the first responders for the public. These are the men and women on the front lines of crime and emergencies. Individuals in the law enforcement field are those who enforcing laws, investigating crimes, and make arrests.

The Courts is the second tier in the criminal justice system. The courts are responsible for resolving disputes, enforcing, and upholding the rule of law in a fair and rational manner between two conflicting parties – usually criminal vs. victim or law. The decisions of the courts are based on what the law says and what evidence may prove without outside opinion or suspicion. The courts also have the ability to convict criminals to the third branch – corrections.

Corrections is the third and final branch of the criminal justice system. This is the last connection that ties together the three branches that make the system connect and work together as a unit. Corrections has many parts within itself. There are correction officers, but the corrections itself is the act involving the treatment and rehabilitation of criminal offenders through a program which involves custody, parole, and probation during a set period of time.

Interaction among these three is continuous, if it was not’t, we would be breaking the eighth amendment which prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or cruel and unusual punishment. The court follows laws which are enforced state-by-state. To break one of these branches would be taking away one solid piece of what is holding together our entire criminal justice system.

What if there were no laws? What if there was no court? We then could live like other countries and have barbaric punishments simply because there would be no ‘rules’ that courts had to follow.  For example, take Iran or Saudi Arabia who stone their own people for theft or fighting. There are no policies to protect the citizens. There is no justice system that will work together to make the country strong.

The criminal justice system is a set three connection circles. Each one works must be strong for the other to run efficiently.

CSCJA. (2006). The Role of the Courts. Retrieved from

Newsweek Staff. (2010, July 8). The World’s Most Barbaric Punishments. Retrieved from

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