Factors Influencing Stressor

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. One of the references must come from Flamez, B. & Sheperis, C. J. (2015) and/or Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2007). I have also attached my discussion rubric so you can see how to make full points. Please respond to all 3 of my classmates separately with separate references for each response. I need this completed by 12/30/18 at 6pm.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings. Respond to your colleagues’ postings.

Respond in one or more of the following ways:

· Ask a probing question.

· Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.

· Offer and support an opinion.

· Validate an idea with your own experience.

· Make a suggestion.

· Expand on your colleague’s posting.

1. Classmate (B. Hun)

Deployment of a Parent

One stressor for a child or adolescent is when their parent receives orders to be deployed.  Depending on their parent’s job (MOS) in the military, they will receive orders a couple months out from their departure.  These deployments are now lasting between nine to 12 months, but can be extended depending on circumstances surrounding the deployment.  For some jobs, such as special forces, their parent could receive notice within 48 hours of departing and could be gone for at least a week to a couple months depending on the mission.  While their parent is gone, the time zone is almost opposite of the child or adolescent’s time zone and the communication is not consistent. 

My father was deployed off and on to Afghanistan twice, Iraq, and Africa starting when I was 14 and ending when I was about 20 years of age.  During this time, it was extremely stressful and I was very emotional for the entire time he was gone.  It was even more stressful when I would not hear from him at night because I knew he would be on a mission.  The worry of not knowing whether he was safe was heartbreaking and kept me on edge, but when I heard from him there was an overwhelming relief and joy.

Factors Influencing Stressor

There is an increase in emotional and behavioral symptoms with children and adolescents who have a parent that is deployed overseas (Lester, Mustillo, & Wadsworth, 2016).  For example, increased levels of anxiety as well as depression and anger are increased in children of parents who are deployed.  It is difficult to understand why they leave to go overseas and why they cannot just stay home until they get older and have those conversations with their parents or counselors.  There are quite a few factors that influence the manifestations of this adjustment including culture or family and societal factors; however, only a couple will be explored in this discussion. 

The stress of a deployment is largely on not knowing whether their parent is safe, not knowing how long they will be gone, and not being able to talk frequently.  Stress increases within children iwhen they are not being included in the conversation of deploying as to what is to be expected and how long the deployment will be (Cromer & Louie, 2014).  For example, often children are not included in the conversation of what is to be expected during the deployment such as missing holidays and birthdays and why their parent has to miss these (Cromer & Louie, 2014).  Knowing what to expect and the reason behind it will help with their stress level not being elevated from fearing the unknown.  Communication during deployment is essential for children and adolescents with both the parent or guardian that is with them as well as with the parent that is deployed (Cromer & Louie, 2014). 

Difficult Factor to Address

Rebecca, who is 10 years of age, is referred to counseling from her teacher and mom because she is beginning to withdraw from her friends at school; cries herself to sleep every night; and has rage explosions towards her mom at night when she does not hear from her dad.  She blames her dad for “leaving” her with her mom who is hardly home for having to work and spends most of her nights drinking at home.  There are many factors in this scenario that increases Rebecca’s anxiety and depression.  The factor that would be the most difficult for me to address would be frustrations from not being able to communicate with their parent who is deployed. 

Expectations need to be told about the communication most likely not being an everyday thing and explaining it could be because their parent is working or the internet connection is not stable.  This would be difficult because it would need to be told to both the mom and dad.  The communication with the parent that is deployed can either be direct or indirect.  Direct includes talking on the phone or through skype and indirect includes sending letters and/or packages (Cromer & Louie, 2014).  Rebecca can be encouraged to write a letter to her dad when she does not talk with him at night to write down everything she wants to tell him that happened that day. 

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