South Africa underwent regime change in the 1990s. Explain the regime changes that this country underwent. How would you characterize its current regime?

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1. 2019 is a federal elections year in Canada. Some people have argued that the electoral 3 system practiced in Canada is insufficiently democratic because it does not generate adequate representation. They argue it should be replaced with a proportional representation (PR) electoral system. Others argue that the current system has meaningful benefits over PR. Take side in this debate. Be sure to explain the criteria by which you evaluate the pros and cons of any electoral system, the characteristics of both electoral systems, and the extent to which these characteristics match the criteria used for evaluation.

2. In recent years, several countries are said to have experienced a significant decline in the quality of their democracy to such an extent that some critics argue they should no longer be labelled “democratic.” Two such cases are Turkey and Hungary. Choose one of these cases and evaluate whether its current system of government should be considered a democracy. Be sure to first specify the criteria by which you determine whether a regime qualifies as a democracy.

3. Venezuela has been in the news in recent weeks. Some observers characterize President Maduro’s regime as dictatorial. Others believe the regime in Venezuela is a democracy. Take a position in this debate by clarifying the standards by which we should assess whether a country fits the category of democracy.

4. In the aftermath of the collapse of Communism, many countries in Eurasia experienced regime transition. Choose one of the countries listed below and describe the characteristics of its regime and how they have changed since the communist era. Explain to what extent you believe this country is democratic or authoritarian. Be sure to fully explain the standards by which you evaluate the regime. Countries you can choose from include Russia, Serbia, Latvia, Macedonia, Estonia, Poland, Moldova, Slovakia, or the Czech Republic.

5. Many of the world’s regimes are considered authoritarian. Explain the main characteristics of authoritarianism. Then choose one state that you believe has an authoritarian regime and explain how the characteristics you identified in the earlier part of your essay apply to the case you have selected.

6. Some people view Malaysia and Indonesia as democracies. Choose one of these two cases and explain whether you agree with this evaluation. What are the standards by which we should evaluate your selected case?

7. Choose one of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region that saw the ousting of a dictator since 2010. Explain the changes that this country underwent. Can the country of your choice now be considered a democracy?

8. The protracted war in Syria led to large territories coming under the control of ISIL/ISIS/Daesh several years ago. Could ISIL/ISIS/Daesh have been classified as a state when it controlled large chunks of territory? To address this question, be sure to provide a definition of a state and criteria by which one identifies whether an entity constitutes a 4 state. You should then examine the extent to which the characteristics of ISIL/ISIS/Daesh meet the general criteria provided.

9. South Africa underwent regime change in the 1990s. Explain the regime changes that this country underwent. How would you characterize its current regime?

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