Head and Spinal Injuries

  1. Head injuries include _______________, ______________________, and ___________________.
  • Spinal injuries include _____________,  _______________________., and also can present in _________________
  •  Why do scalp wounds bleed profusely?
  • The brain obtains its supply of blood from _________________________________.
  • A severe scalp wound may have an accompanying __________________, ______________________, ______________________, _______________________, or a ______________________.
  • Discuss Care for Scalp Wounds
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  • A Skull Fracture is ___________________________________________________________.
  • Skull fractures may be open with an accompanying _________________________________ or closed with an accompanying ____________________________________.
  •  List 8 ways to recognize skull fractures

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  1. List the 5 steps to care for Skull Fractures
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  6. List Caution ( Do Not  for skull fractures)
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  11. Most head injuries are a result of _______________ and _______________.
  12. How many people die each year in the United States from a head trauma? __________________
  13.  Discuss the two types of brain injuries
  14. Traumatic  Brain Injuries:  Define and list symptoms or each
  15.    Concussion- _____________________________________________________.

Symptoms

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  • A first Aider should only remove a helmet if you suspect

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  •    Contusion 

Symptoms

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  1. List 6 reason s to Suspect a Concussion (MTBI).
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  9. Table 12 -1 list symptoms of MTBI    ( LIST SYMPTOMS FOR THE FOLLOWING )
  10. Sleep Disturbance
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  14. Emotional / Mood
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  19. Physical 
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  27. Thinking / Remembering 
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  •  Acquired Brain Injuries :
  1. What is acquired brain injuries?
  2. Acquired injuries include
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  8. Explain Anoxia
  9. List and discuss 7 signs that may appear within 48 hours of head a injury  indicating a need to seek medical care .
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Eye Injuries

  1. Penetrating Eye injuries are severe injuries that results when:

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  • Suspect penetration any time you see a _________________ or ________________
  • Discuss care for Penetrating Eye Injuries
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  • Blows to the Eye

                      4 List minor to common eye blows

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                   5. What are some symptoms for blows to the eye?      

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                   6. Discuss Care for Blows to the Eye

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                  7. How long does a black eye last?

Cuts of the Eye or Lid

                  8. List signs of cut eyeball or lid

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                   9 Discuss how to care for Cuts of the Eye or Lid

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Chemical in the Eyes     

                  10. Discuss Care for Chemical in the Eye       

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               11. Discuss Care for Eye Avulsion

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List the Caution  

               12. Discuss Care for Objects in the Eye

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                            List 3 Cautions

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                 13. Light burns to the Eye

                  14. List causes for burns to the eye

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             15. Discuss Care for Light Burns

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Ear Injuries          

           16.  Discuss care for Ear Injuries

Nosebleeds

            17. List and discuss the two types of nosebleeds

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             18. Discuss how to care for anterior nosebleed.

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  • If bleeding continues:

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        19. Discuss care for after a nosebleed

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              List Caution for Nosebleeds

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Broken Nose

       19. List signs of a broken nose

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         20. Discuss how to Care for broken nose

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Objects in the Nose

          21. Discuss methods to remove objects from the nose

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Dental Injuries

         22. Discuss care for objects caught in between the teeth

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        23. Discuss Care for bitten Lip or tongue

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       24. Discuss care for a loosened tooth

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       25. Discuss care for a knocked out tooth

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List Caution for knocked out tooth 

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26. Discuss care for Broken Tooth

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27. Discuss Care for a Toothache

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  • List 3 Cautions for toothache
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Spinal Injuries

      28. List common causes of spinal injuries

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   29. List 6 Signs and Symptoms of Spinal injuries

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30. List 7 questions you should ask a responsive victim suspected of a spinal injury

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31. List steps for unresponsive victim suspected of a spinal injury

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32. Discuss care for Spinal Injuries

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List Caution for spinal injury

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