What arguments does this author use to justify French colonial expansion

please compose a brief essay (3-4 paragraphs) that answers these questions:

Who, what, where, when was this text written?

What arguments does this author use to justify French colonial expansion?

 What do you think this document tells us about European imperialism in the 19th century?

the book link is here. 

https://www.scribd.com/document/379078027/ways-of-the-world-a-brief-global-history-with-sources-combined-volume-3rd-edition
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