Every country is unique in its civilization, culture, and morals. Lebanon and Egypt are two of the most majestic countries, not only in the Arab world, but also worldwide. Comparing and contrasting those two countries will help us understand and get to know the Egyptian and our culture more. These two Arab countries have several differences, as well as some similarities. These two countries are the primary contributors to the 20th century of intellectual renaissance. Thus, we will compare the climate, art and politics of these countries.
The first point to compare is climate. Both Lebanon and Egypt have a Mediterranean climate. This is approved by having the two countries lying on the Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, the climate in both countries leads to high rates of tourism, which was a turning point to both countries’ economy. Some researches had shown that the rate of tourism in Egypt and Lebanon reached 12.8 million and 15 million tourists respectively. Unlike Egypt, Lebanon has a null daily range of temperature.
This is shown by studies where there is a maximum of four degrees between day and night. Furthermore, there is a difference in the number of seasons that both countries have.
Lebanon has four seasons, a rainy winter, a fall that lowers the temperature, a spring and a hot and humid summer. On the other hand, Egypt has only two seasons. It has a very hot summer which usually lasts from May to October and the average temperature is 95 degrees Fahrenheit, and a very mild winter season. Winters are warm with temperatures ranging from 55 to 70 degrees. Those winters last from November to April. The average winter temperature is 48 degrees Fahrenheit. Finally, we can approve that climate doesn’t only affect only our economic sector, but also our politics and art.
The other aspect to compare between Lebanon and Egypt is its history and politics. In order to compare this aspect we can go way back to history. Both countries have imperial historical stories. This is shown by the Pharaohs in Egypt, which is the most attractive thing due to its creativity, which in turn nourished astronomy and the medical field. On the contrary, Phoenicians in Lebanon had a central achievement, where they created the alphabet that spread all over the world. Moreover, Egypt is considered one of the countries that are ruled by a totalitarian system. If we look into the Egyptian political life from 1958 until our days we can have an idea about the nature of the Egyptian regime, where only four president ruled Egypt for 54 years. Those presidents where Jamal Abdel-Naser from 1958 till 1970, Mohammad Anwar Al Sadat ruled from 1970 till his assassination by the Islamic extremists at 1981, Hosni Mubarak was in authority from 1981 till 2011, and lastly Mohammad Morse.
On the other hand, Lebanon has a political life that is characterized by its liberty, and democracy is its priority. Finally, both countries have a bright history regardless to their difference in the political view. The third aspect to compare between those two countries is art. To begin with, the Lebanese and Egypt culture are famous by their music. This is shown by Lebanese artists who resided in Cairo after the civil war, and made a common bridge between the two cultures like Gergi Zaidan, Khalil Motran and Rosel Youssef.
The merging between the Egyptian and Lebanese cultures made the music field very common between them, where even some musical instrument are the same like oud, the tablah, the daff and the nay. Well, we can’t talk about music without mentioning our extremely known artists who worked to maintain their culture stable like Fairouz, Sabah, Majida El Roumi, Marcel Khalife, Ziad Rahbani, Wadih el Safi and Nasri Shamseddin who made the Lebanese culture richer. In addition to Egyptian artists like Umm Koulthoum, Mohammad Abdel Wahhab, Abdel Halim Hafez and Zakariyya Ahmad. To end with, art and culture go hand in hand in the sense that they both contribute to each other’s enrichment and refinement in a reinforcing manner.
Even though some countries might have matches in cultures concerning different aspects as discussed in the essay, special features and characteristics of one country remain carved in souls of residents and history of a country. This is because the people are the ones who shape the culture of the country. People of Lebanon and Egypt differ because of religion, political regimes, technological development, economic conditions and geographical location. This culture lasts as long as there are new generations that hold and nourish it.