The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty had very similar cultures, but had different attitudes toward the importance of individuals and their obligations. Both empires had the same political structures that were based on bureaucratic systems. The Roman Empire was a republic, where the aristocrats had the opportunity to vote for their leader, and Han china was a dynasty, where the power was passed down by family.
Both were well organized bureaucratic systems. Although Han china was more complex and was based upon Confucianism which identified principles necessary for political order.
The Roman Empire was founded upon Roman law and classical learning and had a greater emphasis on law codes, like the twelve tables who established the laws. Thus, Han china’s laws were promulgated by the emperor. Han china rose to success by applying legalism to their government. Which legalism was more strict and prosperous then Rome. Hence why Han china was much more complex than Rome.
The Roman Empire was a republic primarily consisting of the senate and emperor.
In which the senate represented a counterweight to the emperor. Unlike in Han china where the emperor’s position was hereditary and the power was passed down by family. Therefore, the emperor was much like a monarch. Unless you were chosen by someone of higher power, like the emperor, you would then go to an imperial academy.
All in all both the Roman Empire and the first Chinese empire have made significant influences on history for early civilizations Both empires had the same political structures that were based on bureaucratic systems. Although the Roman Empire was republic and the Han dynasty’s emperor’s position was hereditary.