Some of the safety hazards that are listed in Chapter 7 Fire Prevention would be electrical fires, flammable liquids, poor housekeeping, ingestion, incorrect use of fire extinguishers, bleeding, choking, and forklifts. There are many dangers in the work we engage in every day but its rewarding if we follow the right safety rules. These are some of the safety hazards but there are many more that are not listed. The ones listed are the ones I feel most important in the workplace.
These are listed in Chapter 7 because they are potential hazards for the following reasons: electrical fires are caused by defective wiring or overloading a circuit board. Hot works is a hazard because appropriate clothing must be worn and a fire watch used. Another hazard is flammable liquids which easily ignite and spread quickly. Flammable liquids are liquids that have a flashpoint. Flash points are when the liquids give off vapors. When handling these materials be cautious because the vapors are more dangerous and remain low to the ground because they are heavier than air.
Flammable hazards can be very harmful to your health for instance, inhalation which causes headaches, drowsiness, and disorientation. Skin contact with these liquids is cause for dermatitis and the hazardous material will remove the skins natural oil and wear down on the unprotected skin.
Flammable liquids are present in every workplace. Static sparks are dangerous also they are generated of electron transfer between 2 contacting surfaces. Mechanical sparks are results of friction and could easily start a fire or any other accident. Poor housekeeping is another safety hazard because messy or unclean areas are risks for fires, trips and falls. A work area should be well illuminated, ventilation system working properly and every day equipment maintenance is required. Slips, trips and falls are responsible for 1/7 of all accidental deaths.
Incorrect use of fire extinguishers on the wrong fire could result in death or other accidents Wounds that are not cared for properly are cause for infection. There is a risk of sacrificing a limb to save a life. Choking is a dangerous hazard because you can’t breathe through your airways and can lead to death. Each year 100 workers are killed and 20,000 are injured by forklifts. Forklift overturns make up 25% of death by forklifts. Workplace fires kill 200 and injure more than 5,000 workers per year.
Some of the safety measures to ensure safety would be not to use extension cords too often and as less as possible to ensure no electrical fires. Flammable liquids should be grounded to prevent static build-up. . If extension cords have to be used they should have a grounded conductor. Also have exposed wires repaired promptly. Never pour any flammable liquids down the drain, dispose of the material as instructed. Make sure No Smoking signs are posted around materials. All liquids must be kept in closed containers to ensure no spills. If spills occur promptly clean the area. There are different types of fire extinguishers, A, B, C, D. For wood, paper, and cloth the class A would be used. For gasoline and other flammable liquids Class B would be recommended. Electrical fires require Class C. And finally for metal fires Class D is used.
Poor housekeeping is very essential in the workplace. Regularly cleaning is mandatory. Wearing personal protection equipment when working with hazardous materials is considered. Apply pressure to any open wound to stop bleeding. The Heimlich maneuver is recommended in any choking situation. First you apply abdominal thrusts then you wrap your arms around waist making a fist just above the navel. Grasp fist and thrust. Keep first aid kits around in easy to reach places. In case of a person poisoned, move person away from poison flush contaminated area with water and call EMS. If forklifts are used in you workplace you should make sure it has warning horns to clear areas where it’s operating. No passengers are allowed unless advised and make sure the load is only within the rated capacity of the truck.
A fire prevention plan is mandatory for most businesses because it can save lives as it provides essential rules to follow in case of an emergency. A fire prevention plan must be in writing, be kept in workplace and made available for employees to review. A fire prevention plan must include: a list of all major fire hazard, proper handling and storage procedures for hazardous materials, potential ignition sources and their control and type of fire prevention necessary to control each hazard. Also it should list the name of employees responsible for maintaining equipment to prevent or control sources of ignition of fires. Proper route of escape toward nearest exit is also something to keep in mind. Elevators are off limits because if a fire is burning it could burn up some important wires to the elevator and you would not want to be caught in an elevator.
In conclusion I can use all of this research I have learned in my personal work places in the future. Now that I know all of the safety measures I will enforce them at the workplace. Safety saves employers money, improves productivity, and reduces legal costs. I am not in the field yet but I know about all of the safety measures that are needed to know so when I do step into the field I will be overly prepared. I hear about a lot of people and there accidents and what they could have done to prevent the incursion.
The only major reason for accidents and deaths on work sites is the lack of paying attention. When you get too comfortable on the job you need to snap out of it because you are at risk for an accident right there in that instance. Reading these chapters has really opened my eyes on a lot of things I was not aware of. Staying as safe as possible and as alert as possible will benefit in the long run. I am not currently employed at the time but I will try to keep in mind all of the fire prevention that I have learned from this course and will try to apply this type of lifestyle to my regular life.