The Operation is also known as the Iraq War/ the War in Iraq/ the Occupation in Iraq or the Second Gulf War. Started in March of 2003, the Operation is a military crusade through combined forces from all over the world. Forces have mostly come from the United States and the United Kingdom, while smaller but significant units have been sent from other countries such as Denmark, Australia and Poland, to name a few.
While other states from the Arab areas did not express their approval and support regarding this operation, states from Europe, particularly in the Eastern area have communicated their readiness to express their positive opinion about the matter and the movement.
“The people of the United States and our friends and allies will not live at the mercy of an outlaw regime that threatens the peace with weapons of mass murder. We will meet that threat now, with our Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard and Marines, so that we do not have to meet it later with armies of fire fighters and police and doctors on the streets of our cities.
This quote, taken from Time. com, was part of the words that President Bush shared with the nation of the United States following the attack on Baghdad in March 2003. This clearly states the general sentiment of the United States government regarding Iraq and the findings on its government and its military practices. Prior to the Operation As supported by the intelligence services of the United Kingdom, Iraq purportedly possessed weapons of mass destruction or WMDs that were determined to create an impending and serious threat to the national security of the west.
However, other nearby countries such as Russia, Germany and France did not share the same opinion and sentiment. Inspectors of weapons from the United Nations did not discover any such weapons of mass destruction, which only strengthened the general view that the intelligence on the said weapons of mass murder of Iraq was weak and unsupported. After the Iraq Operation, a survey group that was led by the United States came to the conclusion that Iraq has indeed finally ceased its production of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and that at the time of the survey had no existing and active programs.
It was, however, part of the conclusion that this might have been the case at the time of invasion, but that there was every intent of continuing production programs once the sanctions on Iraq has been removed. Even though the Operation was just officially launched in March of 2003, the President of the United States of America, Mr. George Bush, was given the authority by the Congress of the United States to utilize force to achieve the world-wide goal for Iraq, which was to push the country to a new and bright future of freedom and prosperity for all its citizens.
Other Reasons for the Invasion Prior to and at the time of the invasion, most officials of the United States strongly believed and therefore readily accused Saddam Hussein of supporting and protecting the group Al-Qaeda. However, there was no found evidence of any relationship with the group and Saddam Hussein. As stated by the officials of the United States government, there were other reasons that triggered and pushed the entire U. S. overnment to commence with the launching of the operation.
It was suspected that Iraq was providing financial support to the families of Palestinian suicide bombers, compounded by unjust human rights non-practice and other issues pertaining to Iraq’s reserves of oil. In general, according to President Bush, the main reasons for the operation led by the United States of America are “to disarm Iraq, to free its people, and to defend the world from grave danger. ” (TIME. com, 2008) What Happened After the Invasion
When the United States-led invasion of the Iraq commenced in March of 2003, the Iraq military was defeated in a short amount of time. During this difficult time, Saddam Hussein and his entire regime were ousted, and the man was captured. A symbolic action that was done that represented the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime. This was when the United States Marines took down the massive statue of Saddam Hussein located at Firdos Square while Iraq citizens were celebrating their freedom from the difficult and restricting regime.
After this seemingly precious time of freedom for the Iraqis, crime in the streets became rampant like never experienced before during Saddam Hussein’s regime. A quick and easy target was the national museum of Iraq, where numerous artifacts and precious historical objects were housed to as old as 10,000 years old. Troops and coalitions that invaded the country remained to assist in restoring its rule of law and order and mending what infrastructure it had left in order to rebuild its society and economy.
All these allegations were vehemently denied by Iraq officials. (Time. om, 2008) While it was declared in May of 2003 by President George Bush that major military operations in the country were over, it was clear in the following month that there were still some difficulties to be ironed out as rebellious or insurgent troops were active in the country, still defeating and killing United States troops. It was also noted that the estimated number of insurgents in the country clearly outnumbered the U. S. troops present in the area. In September of the same year, a secret report was secured by the United States publication, The Washington Post.
In this report, it was made vividly clear that the preparations for the Iraq operation were insufficient and hastily assembled. It was even mentioned in several of the sources for this paper that one of the reasons for the military invasion from the United States was because of the found presence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. However, in this report, it was stated that the search for WMDs came too late in the preparation, planning and strategizing stage of the military operation. October of 2003 was a difficult time as Osama Bin Laden became the voice of the insurgencies in the country.
A video was released with Bin Laden talking about how the move from the United States which, was not only encouraging, but forcing democracy on the Iraqi people, meant a slow decline for the United States’ economical health. Bin Laden also communicated his knowledge about the country’s historical financial and economic state of decline that will eventually benefit the Iraqi insurgency. Apparently, democracy is not the prescribed way for Islams, and thus should not be embraced by the country as a whole. (Time. com, 2008)
A Tentative, but Strengthening Government A new, but temporary administration took over the Iraqi government after the ouster of Saddam Hussein. The Coalition Provisional Authority was part of the coalition force that stayed in Iraq to help the country get back on its feet. In June of 2004, authority over the country was transferred to another temporary governing body, but this time it was turned over to the country’s locals. The Iraqi Interim Government took hold of the country after the Coalition Provisional Authority.
This interim government was administratively bound by the Transitional Administrative Law for Iraq. Through this law, an election was held in January of the following year, six months after the transfer of authority to the interim government. This election was for the Transitional National Assembly which was slated to have two hundred and seventy five members. This Transitional Government sat in office immediately after the said elections. The responsibility of creating an Iraqi Constitution fell into the hands of the transitional government.
So in October of the same year, by constitutional referendum, the permanent constitution was passed. Under this same constitution, the Council of Representatives, which is to be composed of two hundred and seventy-five members, was elected in December of the same year. The Iraqi Council of Representatives became official and was sworn into office by March of 2006. Amidst this positive development in the Iraqi government, the nation was still experiencing difficulties with insurgencies.
Nevertheless, plus 70 percent of the voting population participated in the 2005 elections, while about the same percentage of people participated in the passing of the permanent constitution of the country. In February of 2008, three highly significant laws were passed that was seen as a major step forward for the new and young Iraqi government. These laws were the Fiscal Budget for 2008, the Amnesty Law for Iraqi prisoners and a law for Provincial Elections. (Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2008)