Abnormal Psychology Question

1. Between 1972 and 1989 there were____________ regarding child advocacy.

A. not much change in the amount of published research.

B. not much change in the number of laws.

C. a significant increase in the number of laws.

D. a significant increase in the amount of published research.

2. Which of the following is an externalizing problem?

A. Anxiety

B. Rule breaking

C. Depression

D. Somatic complaints

3. In addition to not addressing high rates of comorbidity, which of the following is not a criticism of the DSM system of diagnosis as its pertains to childhood mental disorder?

A. It doesn’t address the appropriateness of criteria for developmental populations that have been generated from field trials with primarily adult populations.

B. It doesn’t address developmental features of disorders.

C. It doesn’t address the effects of symptoms on childhood academic achievement and social adjustment.

D. It doesn’t address symptoms severity issues.

4. Which of the following best defines the concept of pruning?

A. Unused neurons dying off to make way for new connections.

B. Very rapid growth of neurons in the first two years of life.

C. Rapid firing of messages because of myelination.

D. The shedding of the fatty sheath to increase conductivity.

5. Twins who share the same DNA because one egg was fertilized and then the egg split are called

A. uniova

B. dizygotic

C. fraternal

D. monozygotic

6. List the four Ds.

A. Deviance, Dysfunction, Distress, and Danger

B. Development, Disability, Diagnosis, and Discretion

C. Deviance, Dysfunction, Disability, and Diagnosis

D. Development, Danger, Disability, and Distress

7. Which of the following is true regarding a functional behavioral assessment?

A. An FBA assesses the degree to which a behavior exists.

B. An FBA is norms-based.

C. The FBA was developed to analyzed why a behavior exists.

D. The use of FBA has been discouraged by the American Psychological Association

8. Although Native Americans can assess services through Indiana Health Services, the problem with this arrangement is

A. the IHS services provide medical but not mental health services.

B. most Native Americans live in rural areas, and most of the IHS are situated in major urban areas.

C. Most Native Americans are unaware that the services exist.

D. most IHS are located on reservations, and only 20 percent Native Americans live on reservations.

9. One study of children with severe emotional disabilities found that many children with internalizing problems experienced:

A. comorbid externalizing problems,

B. behavior deficit problems

C. anxiety and depression as well

D. less bullying as a result of isolation

10. The transactional model was developed to

A. analyze exactly which characteristics are passed from a caregiver to a child.

B. illustrated how even very disabled children are able to adapt to their environment.

C. predict the future of a child’s development by analyzing pasts events and behaviors

D. show how a child adapts to an environment and how the environment changes as a result

11. Mimi is in the concrete stage of development. If you ask Mimi to compare two glasses of water, what’s the likely result?

A. Mimi will understand that differently shaped glasses may hold identical amount of water.

B. Mimi won’t understand that two identical glasses hold the same amount of water.

C. Mimi won’t understand that a glass holds a measurable amount of water.

D. Mimi will think a tall thin glass contain more water than a short, thick glass.

12. Darren follows his impulses blindly and is described as a child who “ does whatever he wants, whenever he wants.” Darren ___________ guides his behavior.

A. Id

B. ego

C. disability

D. aggression

13. One challenge in using a categorical system to classify mental disorders is that symptoms __________ when compared to medical disorders.

A. exhibit themselves in more dramatic ways.

B. generate more distress in individuals affected by them.

C. are unique to only one particular disorder

D. have boundaries that are less clear and tend to overlap

14 Which of the following is not part of the forebrain?

A. Basal ganglia

B. Cerebrum

C. Amygdala

D. Reticular activating system

15 Externalizing problems were referred to as _____________ problems in the past.

A. circumstantial

B. behavioral deficit

C. behavior excess

D. overcontrolled

16 The neurons responsible for transmitting messages to organs such as the ears and eyes are called

A. motor neurons

B. interneurons

C. neurotransmitters

D. sensory neurons

17.Recording the number of times a student raise his hand in class is an example of __________ recording.

A. interval

B. narrative

C. event

D. continuous

18. According to your textbook, the top two ethical challenges for psychologists relate to

A. assessment and therapy

B. advertising and keeping records

C. confidentiality and dual relationships

D. human relations and research/publication

19. All of the following are true concerning the APA 10 ethical standards except

A. the standards were useful in past decades but are no longer useful.

B. the standards address appropriate advertising and displays of public information.

C. the standards address matters pertaining to research and publication.

D. the standards assist professionals to resolve ethical issues

20. A clinician question why a behavior continues to persist even though no obvious reinforcement is evident. The clinician is trying to determine ____________ factors.

A. prioritization

B. maintaining

C. facilitation

D. precipitating

21. Which of the following did Kovac and colleagues (1988) discover about the depressed children in their longitudinal study?

A. If children has conduct disorder as well as depression, the conduct disorder remained, but the depression dissipated as they go older.

B. Children who has depression earlier grew out of it in their teens.

C. Long-term outcomes for children with depression and conduct disorder were no different than outcomes for children with depression without conduct disorder.

D. Almost one quarter of their sample had evidence of combined depression and conduct disorder by the time the study was completed.

22. All of the following are true regarding rapid cycling, except

A. rapid cycling in adults occurs if 4 episodes happen within a year

B. 10 to 20 percent of adult who experience bipolar disorder will have rapid cycling.

C. In children, rapid cycling can produce multiple, brief episodes daily

D. unlike adults, children with bipolar disorder don’t experience rapid cycling.

23. In their review of evidence-based treatments for childhood disorders, Ollendick and King found

A. no well-established treatment program for specific phobia.

B. well-established treatment program for GAD, SAD, and phobia.

C. no well-established treatment programs for anxiety disorders.

D. well-established treatment program for social phobia

24. When youth experience both anxiety and depression,

A. they’re likely to experience with substances

B. they’re are likely to progress positively in treatment

C. they engage in fewer risky behaviors

D. they’re less likely to exhibit symptoms of conduct disorder

25. Younger onset of generalized anxiety disorder has been associate with which comorbidity?

A. specific phobia

B. Separation anxiety disorder

C. conduct disorder

D. school refusal

26. Which disorder is characterized by a pervasive fear of embarrassment?
A. Somatic symptom disorder

B. Persistent depressive disorder

C. Bipolar l disorder

D. social anxiety disorder

27. In addition to excessive worry, a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder in children requires __________ somatic symptom/symptoms.

A. three

B. four

C. two

D. one

28. The Behavioral Inhibition System is a brain system that

A. alerts individuals to negatively affectivity

B. controls a person’s motor function

C. controls a person’s emotional state

D. alerts individuals to possible threats or punishment

29. In the 1970’s, the prevailing concept of depression in children was that

A. children experienced anaclitic depression because of a lack of contact comfort

B. depression in children was temporary

C. children’s brain are simply too inexperienced to be depressed.

D. depression in children was demonstrated as a wasting away or marasmus.

30. Etiology for specific phobia is best described by ______________ by characteristics.

A. Sociocultural

B. child and environmental

C. heredity and phenotype

D. aggressive

31. During every baseball game, before Allan goes to bat, he touches his arm, repeats the numbers 5, 7, 9 and then knock the dirt off his cleats with the bat. These behavior can help to explain the development of

A. bipolar disorder

B. generalized anxiety disorder

C. panic disorder

D. obsessive-compulsive disorder

32. In children, depression symptoms relates to weight include

A. weight loss or gain in excess of ten percent

B. failure to meet anticipated weight/height ratio

C. weight fluctuation that correspond to appetite

D. weight loss in excess of ten percent

33. Panic attacks have been related to irregular activity of which neurotransmitter?

A. Epinephrine

B. Serotonin

C. Dopamine

D. Norepinephrine

34. The Coping Cat program is an effective way to reduce anxiety in clinical trials of _____________

therapy.

A. teen and young adult

B. parental anxiety

C. individual and group

D. obessive compulsive disorder

35. Which of the following parental factors increases the risk for child maltreatment?

A. Religion affliliation

B. Race

C. Poverty

D. Gender

36. In adolescents, the most common comorbid association with depression include all of the following, except

A. Intellectual disabilities

B. substances and eating disorder

C. ADHD

D. behavior disorder

37. Which of the following is false regarding the .Panic Control TreatMent for Adolescent

A. Training of awareness of hyperventilation is an important component of the program.

B. It addresses issues of tendencies toward detachment and numbing

C. Disorder awareness is one of the primary components of the program

D. It’s primary a cognitive behavioral treatment

38. The OCD Expert Consensus Guidelines recommend which treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder in children and adolescents

A. individual psychotherapy in combination with a medical intervention

B. Exposure-based CBT methods prior to the.use of any medications

C. Behavioral methods only

D. A medical intervention such as clomipramine

39. Major depressive disorder n children can be diagnosed if the symptom criteria have been met for

A. one year

B. two year

C. two weeks

D.six months

40. Which of the following is not a vegetative symptom of depression?

A. weight gain

B. fatigue

C. Insomnia

D. Weight loss

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