Use the theories & knowledge from those textbook chapters to relate to the Kashmir conflict

Introduction: 

Background statement: The Kashmir conflict was sparked by a fateful decision by Britain in 1947, which resulted in decades of violence. Kashmir was once a princely state, which was under a regional leader before the partition of the Indian subcontinent. The Kashmir region did not join either India or Pakistan and in the process, it became tangled between the two countries. 

Problem statement: Kashmir conflict over the years has been the root cause of diplomatic, political, and military standoffs between India and Pakistan (Bhat, 2019). Although a ceasefire agreement was reached in 2003 between India, and Pakistan, the calm is often disrupted by military insurgent operations. As of 2013, India administers 43 per cent of the region, while Pakistan controls 37 per cent. The other 20 per cent is occupied by China. Bilateral talks between India and Pakistan would steer confidence in resolving the Kashmir conflict (Behera, 2016). India’s then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru promised a referendum “the fate of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. The pledge we have given, not only to the people of Kashmir but also to the world; we will not and cannot back out.” Human rights are violated in the state of Kashmir like rape torture and enforced disappearances which still continued today. A poll published by think tank Chatham House stated that nearly half of the people living in Indian and Pakistani parts of Kashmir want their disputed state to become an independent country. 

Research questions as the final part of the problem statement: The consequences of these events raise a major question: Will Kashmiris ever get a chance to decide their own fate? Also, it makes us ponder how did the British Indian Empire contribute to the debacle in the Kashmir region during the partition of the Indian subcontinent? How do India and Pakistan contribute to the Kashmir conflict? What efforts do the two countries (India and Pakistan) make to resolve the Kashmir conflict? What are the social, political, economic and psychological impacts of the Kashmir conflict on the people living in the region?

Research Objectives: In order to answer these questions, In this paper I seek to analyze & evaluate the crucial part played by the British Indian colonial government, the impact of the conflict on Kashmiris, to examine how India and Pakistan contribute to the conflict that has lasted for almost six decades and also, to identify the efforts made by India and Pakistan in resolving the conflict.

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