In a hypothetical country, fifty years ago, the minimum wage was approximately $1.50 per hour. At the same time, a family with two adults and two children could live in….
Lahiri Multicultural Essay
Outline: Lahiri Multicultural Essay #1
I. Introduction Paragraph: In Jhumpa Lahiri’s short story entitled, “The Third and Final Continent,” the author focuses on the topic of culture. More specifically, she presents the concept of cultural transformation and the changes a person goes through when he or she encounters a different culture other than his or her native culture. Ultimately, Lahiri views cultural transformation as both positive and negative. Similar to Lahiri’s main character, I too have experienced the confusion and joy of cultural transformation when I went to my first day of school in America at the young age of six.
II. Topic Sentence: First of all, Lahiri presents cultural transformation as being negative since it causes confusion.
A. Add one to two sentences to introduce the direct quote
B. Write out the direct quote word for word from the text to support the topic in the topic sentence – be sure to include the author’s last name in MLA parenthetical reference format at the end of the quote: “Quote word for word” (Lahiri).
C. Explain the quote fully using 2:1 ratio
D. Bring the focus back to the cultural concept (<link is hidden> end the paragraph with this sentence)
III. Topic Sentence (body paragraph #2): Despite Lahiri’s focus on the negative aspect of cultural transformation, she also portrays this cultural phenomenon as being positive.
A. Add one to two sentences to introduce the direct
B. Write out the direct quote word for word from the text to support the topic in the topic sentence – be sure to include the author’s last name at the end of the quote
C. Explain the quote fully using 2:1 ratio
D. Bring focus back on the cultural concept (<link is hidden> end the paragraph with this sentence)
IV. Just as Lahiri’s main character has experienced both the confusion and joy of cultural transformation, I also experienced these feelings when I first attended school in America.
A. introduce personal example of pain in your own life – at least two to three sentences
B. use a direct quote from the story for support (include the author’s last name)
C. fully explain the quote in your own words (2:1 ratio)
D. introduce personal example of joy in your own life
E. Bring focus back on the cultural concept (<link is hidden> end the paragraph with this sentence)
V. Conclusion: do one of the following two options:
*write out your personal opinion of the general topic (melting pot or cultural transformation)
*write about something you could not have written about until you wrote the paper – (examples: discuss the role of culture in society today; provide an example of how to enhance cultural education in society; how people benefit from cultural blending, etc.)
Please note – the above sample is a detailed guideline ‘suggestion’ for the ‘full’ rough draft of essay 1 you will complete. Nevertheless, you may alter the ideas to conform to your essay topic. For instance, if you have not experienced the “confusion” aspect similar to Lahiri’s main character, you can formulate a set-up which reflects only the “joy” aspect in your own life. Feel free to make changes to the general content, but be sure to utilize ‘full essay’ development in your rough draft. In other words, you are NOT writing an outline in ‘outline’ format as shown above in this document. You are writing a full essay with well-developed paragraphs per the Essay Writing Guidelines handout. This outline is just a guide for how you need to construct your essay.
In addition, the author is NOT the main character in this work. The author, Jhumpa Lahiri, is a female. The protagonist in this work is a male. You can refer to him as the protagonist, the narrator, or the main character. His name is not mentioned in the work. You will be referring to Lahiri in your signal phrases by using a feminine pronoun. You will also be required to use her last name in the parenthetical reference at the end of each quote since you are using an online ‘electronic’ reading. Be sure to read the Quotes and Signal Phrases handout before you write your essay to obtain information on how to cite your source and use proper signal phrases.
Example of a quote set up with a signal phrase:
The author shows the narrator’s confusion about cultural differences when she
writes, “Type out a quote from a text word for word here” (Lahiri).
MLA style rules: If you use the author’s name in the parenthetical reference at the end of the quote, you are not supposed to use the author’s name in the signal phrase. In the above case, I have typed out the pronoun ‘she’ in the signal phrase instead of typing out ‘Lahiri’. Since you are using an electronic reading link, you are not going to include a page number in the parenthetical reference. Please be
aware that you need to use present tense when writing about literature (<link is hidden> in the above sample, notice that the word ‘writes’ is in present tense).