What skills and/or experience does a person need to have in order to be a Doctor?


This worksheet helps you write the methods section of major assignment #2. You will need to watch two videos that will guide you through this process:

  1. Word Cloud and Method Worksheet Part #1 (Making the Word Cloud)
  2. Word Cloud Method Worksheet Part #2 (Adjusting the Word Cloud)

Part #1: Gathering Your Texts and Making the Word Cloud (Watch the “Word Cloud and Method Worksheet Part #1 (Making the Word Cloud)” to guide you through this section)

  1. Please restate your research question. You first stated your research question in your response to Discussion #5.

Example: What skills and/or experience does a person need to have in order to be a traveling labor and delivery nurse? 

  • Give us some background on your research question to help us understand how you arrived at it.

Example from Sample Paper: To start my research, I chose two simple guiding questions to narrow my searches: “What do Creative Directors do?” “What are the main skills and tasks Creative Directors use in their day to day jobs?” From my earlier career exploration class, I learned a lot about what Creative Directors are, and how I could get to that point. Based on previous knowledge, I knew that the salary is within what I would be hoping to make, and Creative Directors have the amount of leadership and freedom in their position that I would like in my potential career. These points appealed to me, but I was hoping to learn more. For the purposes of this assignment, and honestly, my general curiosity, I asked these specific questions so that I could further learn about what exactly I would be doing in this career day-to-day. I wanted to get an idea of what my potential future may look like.

  • Identify what job posting website[1] you chose to gather your data from, and why you chose this site. To do this, you should respond to these kinds of questions: what are the site’s (or sites’) affordances in terms of a) types of jobs posted, b) number of jobs posted, c) geological search range, and d) ease of use (user interface)?

Example from Sample Paper: In order to explore that question, I searched two prominent job sites: mediabistro.com and indeed.com. I selected Indeed.com because it is recognized as one of the biggest job sites in the country, according to [name of source]. I searched mediabistro.com because it is a well know site for creative professionals such as social media managers, marketers, and editors. This site, furthermore, allowed me to broaden my search geologically. Indeed.com seemed to limit my search to a 100 mile radius of a city of my choice.

  • Describe how you searched the job posting website(s)[2]. You should respond to the following questions: What search terms did you use, and why? Which results did you choose to build your “corpus” (that is, your body of job posting texts that you’ve gathered), and why (i.e., what were your selection criteria?)? What locations (e.g., city vs. rural, Chicago area, national, or remote) did you search, and why?

Example from Sample Paper: There were a couple of ways that I refined my search as well as my selection of job description. From my experience in various jobs across the spectrum, from office work to field photography, I have learned how important it is for me to be doing what I love for a purpose I am passionate about. I want to work for companies with an open work environment, and companies who do advertising for things that I would actually buy or be interested in. For these reasons, I chose not to seek out companies such as banks, hospitals, etc. that I have no commitment to their goals or what they do.

To begin, I refined my search to Creative Directing positions in Chicago, Illinois. I would love to live in the city one day, so this option seemed appropriate to me. A lot of results came up, but I chose to only view the ones with “Creative Director” in the title. From there, I narrowed my search down and disregarded those that required years of experience in things like the healthcare industry. I only found one, so I decided to broaden my search to New York City in order to keep up with the city trend. Once I exhausted those options, I went to Portland, and then to Detroit. At this point, I had about 5 texts.

Many of them said that I would need some sort of experience in Art Direction or Graphic Design, so I went back to searching in Chicago. This time, however, I changed my search to Art Director. The skills needed were actually pretty much the same. The only thing that differed between the job descriptions were the years of experience needed, so I kept this in mind for my data analysis. Once I did this, I was able to gather the required amount of texts, while still getting good answers to my guiding questions.

  • Define “Word Cloud,” for your audience in your own words.

Example from Sample Paper: Once I rounded up my texts, I got to work on my Word Cloud. A Word Cloud, according to dictionary.com, is “an image composed of words used in a particular text or subject, in which the size of each word indicates its frequency or importance.”

  • Describe the benefits of using a Word Cloud as part of your method of research. What does this tool allow you to see? How does it help answer your research question?

Example from Sample Paper: Word Clouds are a useful tool for research because they allow you identify shared patterns across multiple groups of text: in this case, job descriptions.

Part #2: Adjusting the Word Cloud (Watch the “Word Cloud Method Worksheet Part #2 (Adjusting the Word Cloud)” video to guide you through this section)

  • First, tell us what program you used to create your word cloud. Then, describe adjustments you made to your word cloud. Given the rhetorical situation in which the text cloud will be used, consider the following questions:
  • What was your word limit/maximum?
  • What terms did you choose to eliminate?
  • is it important to include or exclude proper nouns (e.g., Texas, Exxon) or people’s names (e.g., Jane Smith, Thomas Wolfe)?
  • is it important to hyphenate nouns and the words that directly modify these nouns (e.g., analysis-factor, tags-computerized)?
  • is it important to manipulate word order? That is, is it important to identify subordinate and superordinate, or parent, terms), or to use hyphens to preserve semantic relationships (e.g., text-computer- tagging-of, analysis-corpus, analysis-factor, analysis-textual)?

Be sure to explain what criteria/thought processes guided your adjustments.

Example: To create my cloud, I decided on a program called “TagCrowd.” It had a simple interface, and I didn’t have to create any funky shapes. I could simply focus on the size of the words, which would tell me the frequency at which they showed up in my job description texts. To start, I copied and pasted important pieces of the texts, omitting from the start obvious parts, such as the words “job description.” I chose 75 words as a maximum, since I not only didn’t want to overwhelm the reader, but also myself as I further explored my future career. Words began to appear that I knew weren’t relevant, such as “tasks” and “and.” I eliminated those, and was finally able to see commonalities between all the job descriptions that I pulled from the text sites.

  • Save your final Word Cloud as an image, and then paste it here for your records. You will later Insert the Word Cloud at the top of your final paper’s “Results” section….

[1] As mentioned in the video presentation, “Word Cloud and Method Worksheet Part #1 (Making the Word Cloud),” you may choose to use “Day in the Life” articles/blog posts instead of job descriptions for your data. You can adjust your response to this prompt by describing a) why the author’s approach is useful, and b) why the author’s content is relevant to your research question.

[2] Again, if you are using “Day in the Life” articles for your data instead of job descriptions, you will need to adjust your response here. Essentially, just describe what criteria you used to select/reject the “Day in the Life” articles that you’ve gathered.

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