Decolonizing approaches in archaeology emerged as a means to counter the dominance of colonial ideologies and improve the accuracy of Indigenous representations. Historically, the routines of mainstream archaeological practice have….
Mothers against Drunk Driving (MADD) and DUI Laws
Mothers against Drunk Driving (MADD) and DUI Laws
- Thesis Statement
This paper will discuss when MADD was founded, the challenges associated with drunk driving, the pre-existing policies and MADD policy options, DUI laws the organization has set to prevent drunk driving, and the MADD policy recommendation.
- Executive Summary
Mothers against drunk driving is an organization that was created to help the victims of drunk driving and prevent the problems associated with impaired driving. Driving under the influence of alcohol has cost many people their lives and has made others physically impaired. Even though there were drinking under influence laws, they were not strictly enforced; that is why there were many motor vehicle collisions. Candy Lightner, a mother of a drunk driving accident victim, decided to create the organization Mothers against drunk driving that would see many victims of drunk driving joining to support the movement. The organization aimed to ensure law enforcement and involve the courts to respond to alcohol-related traffic injuries and mortalities. Lightner and the others campaigned for the courts to set sterner laws against driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol, sterner penalties for committing such crimes, and create awareness regarding drunk driving’s weightiness. They also gave some recommendation policies that would see the reduction of alcohol-related problems.
- Introduction (Griffin III, 2019. Reilly, 2018. Schmidt, 2014)
Mothers against Drunk Driving, a not-for-profit organization located in Canada and the United States, has over six hundred chapters countrywide (Griffin III, 2019). Its primary aim is to seek to obtain effective resolutions to the challenges of drunk driving and underage drinking while sustaining the individuals who have lost their friends and relatives through the carelessness of drunk drivers (Reilly, 2018). They also make every effort for firmer prejudiced driving policy, whether the prejudice is instigated by alcohol or any other drug. Mothers against drunk driving have demonstrated their effectiveness by successfully petitioning sterner laws against drunk drivers (Schmidt, 2014).
- History of the Mothers against Drunk Driving (Griffin III, 2019. Schmidt, 2014. Lerner, 2011. Babcock, 2019)
Candace Lightner founded the organization on September 5, 1980, in California after a drunk driver killed Cari, her thirteen-year-old daughter (Griffin III, 2019). The organization’s headquarter is located in Irving, Texas, and it also has at least one of their offices in every state in the United States and at least one in every province of Canada. The offices in all these states provide drunk driving victims with services, and many services encompassing alcohol safety (Schmidt, 2014). Since its founding, MADD has declared that there has been a reduction of drunk driving by half.
Candy Lightner worked hard to call for attention to the necessity for more vigorous, suitable, and equal actions on the section of law enforcement and the courts of law in the retort to alcohol-associated traffic injuries and mortalities (Lerner, 2011). Lightner, accompanied by other volunteers, fought for stricter laws against impaired driving, sterner penalties for doing a crime, and massive awareness regarding the significance of driving drunk. This fight drew the attention of many people who had lost their friends or relatives or those who had been injured by drunk drivers, and they formed other local chapters (Babcock, 2019). These chapters’ campaigns addressed law enforcement, youth challenges, sanctions, responsible advertising and alcohol service, and self-sufficiency.
- Pre-existing policies and policy options of the MADD and Research (Kleiman, Jones, Miller, & Halperin, 2018, Dills, 2010. Eisenberg, 2003)
MADD commonly supports stern policy in a range of areas comprising a prohibited blood alcohol composition of 0.8% or below and utilizing more substantial penalties for DUI lawbreakers (Kleiman, 2018). The penalties include compulsory prison sentences, treatment for drunkenness and other alcohol abuse issues, ignition interlock devices, and suspension of licenses. Besides, the organization ensures they maintain the minimum permissible age of drinking at 21 years, directing alcohol breath-assay, ignition interlink devices for every individual imprisoned because of driving whilst lawfully impaired (Dills, 2010).
Moreover, the organization advocates for safe driving programs that support the exclusion of exclusionary coverage requirements that offer any barrier to alcohol/drug treatment in health insurance policies. It also suggests that the government should increase taxes on alcoholic drinks (Eisenberg, 2003).
Since the inception of the MADD, there is substantial evidence of the positive impacts it has made in the United States concerning alcohol-impaired driving. Their fight against the problems of alcohol-impaired driving has influenced the view of the public that drunk driving is publically unacceptable. It has played a vital role in urging the state legislatures to ratify more effectual drunk under the influence (DUI) laws and has been a well-known player in land-mark civic legislation, zero tolerance MLDA 21.
Mothers against drunk drivers’ best-kept focus are its service to the victims of impaired driving. They have helped many victims and helped reduce the number of alcohol-related injuries and mortalities within the United States and other states. The policies they have set have been a great pillar in ensuring they have achieved their primary goal. They have offered sturdy support for the implementation of drinking-age regulations and the penalties imposed on criminals. Though the drinking-age laws state that driving under the influence of alcohol is illegal, it is still tolerated. This must change if a long-term improvement is to be made to reduce impaired driving and other alcohol consumption problems.
- Policy Recommendation (Arria, Caldeira, Bugbee, Vincent, & O’Grady, 2016) Redelmeier & Detsky, 2017)
MADD recommends that campus administrators strive for establishing campus task forces on alcohol and drug prevention programs (Arria, 2016). It also recommends the administrators help the neighboring communities create responsible beverage service programs and utilize conditional use licenses under resident zoning laws to avoid undesirable assembling of alcohol sales markets (Redelmeir & Detsky, 2017). MADD also recommends that colleges have a policy, which limits the time and settings of parties on colleges that serve alcohol and restricts attendance to students who are 21 years and above.