Question 1 asks you to phrase the ISSUE as a question or controversy that the chapter addresses or explores. This is not where you summarize the whole piece, but rather….
Disorders Associated with Lymphatic Vessels
Please go to Evolve Elsevier –go to your Anatomy and Physiology bookàStudents Resources àChapter 19 à Mechanism of diseases,
Summarize briefly these topics and provide a short definition of the following subsequent important medical term or diseases.
I-Disorders Associated with Lymphatic Vessels
II-Disorders Associated with Lymph Nodes and Other Lymphatic Organs
III-Lymphoma Definition and difference between:
- Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL
IV-Hypersensitivity of the Immune system
- Hypersensitivity Allergy
- Anaphylactic shock.
- Contact dermatitis,
Autoimmune diseases Definition and 3 examples
- erythroblastosis fetalis.
- Graves disease
- Myasthenia gravis.
- Tissue or organ transplants
- Rejection syndrome
- Human leukocyte antigens (HLAs)
VII-Difference Host-versus-graft rejection vs Graft-versus-host rejection
- Severe combined immune deficiency (SCID)
- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumoniae
- Kaposi sarcoma
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
IX-Immunity and Cancer
Tumor-specific antigens- Definition
Tumor markers definition and the association to type of cancers
(1) Carcinoibryonic antigen (CEA)
(2) Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP
(4) Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
X-Complete the table of Examples of Autoimmune Diseases
|Addison disease||Surface antigens on adrenal cells|
|Cardiomyopathy||Disease of cardiac muscle (i.e., the myocardium), resulting in loss of pumping efficiency (heart failure)|
|Diabetes mellitus (type 1)||Pancreatic islet cells, insulin, insulin receptors|
|Glomerulonephritis||Disease of the filtration apparatus of the kidney (renal corpuscle), resulting in fluid and electrolyte imbalance and possibly total kidney failure and death|
|Graves disease (type of hyperthyroidism)||TSH receptors on thyroid cells|
|Hemolytic anemia||Condition of low RBC count in the blood resulting from excessive destruction of mature RBCs (hemolysis)|
|Hypothyroidism||Antigens in thyroid cells|
|Multiple sclerosis (MS)||Progressive degeneration of myelin sheaths, resulting in widespread impairment of nerve function (especially muscle control)|
|Myasthenia gravis||Antigens at neuromuscular junction|
|Pernicious anemia||Antigens on parietal cells, intrinsic factor|
|Reproductive infertility||Inability to produce offspring (in this case, resulting from destruction of gametes)|
|Rheumatic fever||Rheumatic heart disease; inflammatory cardiac damage (especially to the endocardium/valves)|
|Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)||Collagen|
|Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE)||Numerous|
|Ulcerative colitis||Chronic inflammatory disease of the colon characterized by watery diarrhea containing blood, mucus, and pus|